Iran challenges US sanctions at UN court

Published August 28, 2018
THE HAGUE: The International Court of Justice
THE HAGUE: The International Court of Justice

THE HAGUE: Iran demanded on Monday that the UN’s top court order the United States to suspend nuclear-linked sanctions against Tehran, but Washington vowed to “vigorously” fend off the legal challenge. Iran launched a suit at the International Court of Justice over US President Donald Trump’s decision to reimpose sanctions that were lifted in a landmark 2015 accord.

Trump says the sanctions are needed to ensure Iran never builds a nuclear bomb. But Iran’s representative Mohsen Mohebi branded them “naked economic aggression”.

His team of lawyers told the court in The Hague that the measures were already devastating Iran’s economy and threatening the welfare of its citizens.

“The United States is publicly propagating a policy intended to damage as severely as possible Iran’s economy and Iranian nationals and companies,” Mohebi said. “Iran will put up the stron-gest resistance to the US economic strangulation, by all peaceful means.”

US lawyers are due to give their response in arguments before the court on Tuesday (today), with experts expecting them to challenge the ICJ’s jurisdiction.

“We will vigorously defend against Iran’s meritless claims this week in The Hague,” said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

He said Iran’s lawsuit was “an attempt to interfere with the sovereign rights of the United States to take lawful actions, including re-imposition of sanctions, which are necessary to protect our national security”.

On Monday where the hearing of alleged violations of the 1955 Treaty of Amity, Iran vs US is taking place. Iran top representative Mohsen Mohebi
On Monday where the hearing of alleged violations of the 1955 Treaty of Amity, Iran vs US is taking place. Iran top representative Mohsen Mohebi

However, whether any decision will be implemented remains unclear, with both Iran and the US in the past ignoring ICJ rulings against them.

Iran’s lawyers said the sanctions would cause it “irreparable prejudice”. They urged the court to order the suspension of the sanctions pending a definitive ruling.

London-based lawyer Samuel Wordsworth, for Iran, told the court the measures were threatening Iranians’ access to medicines as well as disrupting business deals.

The ICJ is expected to take a couple of months to decide whether to grant Tehran’s request for a provisional ruling.

A final decision could take years. Iran’s lawyers said the US sanctions had disrupted tens of billions of dollars’ worth of business deals with foreign companies.

Iran’s currency the rial has lost around half its value since April.

International Law adviser to Iran president, Jennifer Gillian Newstead, American attorney and professor Donald Earl  Childress, counsellor on International Law, United States Department of State, during the hearing.—Reuters
International Law adviser to Iran president, Jennifer Gillian Newstead, American attorney and professor Donald Earl Childress, counsellor on International Law, United States Department of State, during the hearing.—Reuters

International companies including French oil firm Total and Germany’s Siemens have suspended operations in Iran since Trump announced the US withdrawal in May.

Trump said the sanctions would turn up the financial pressure on Tehran to come to a “comprehensive and lasting solution” regarding its activities such as its “ballistic missile programme and its support for terrorism”.

Published in Dawn, August 28th, 2018

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