The Supreme Court (SC) of Pakistan on Thursday received a petition against the controversial law repealing the National Accountability Ordinance (NAO) 1999 passed in Sindh.

The law, which ends the National Accountability Bureau's (NAB) powers to act against employees of the Sindh government, had come into effect just hours previous to the filing of the petition.

Petitioner Advocate Nasir Ahmad nominated the federal law ministry and the speaker of the Sindh Assembly as respondents in the petition.

"The NAO is protected by Article 270 of the Constitution and the Sindh Assembly cannot repeal NAB's powers as it is an independent authority," the petitioner maintained.

He added: "Changes in the NAO or the suspension of NAB's powers fall under the parliament's purview."

"The Sindh government has opened the doors to corruption by repealing the NAO, which is a violation of basic human rights," Ahmad said in the petition.

The petitioner asked that the Sindh assembly's amendments to the NAO be recalled by the apex court.

Earlier on Thursday, a notification issued by the secretariat of Sindh Assembly passed on directions for printing of the ‘National Accountability Ordinance 1999 Sindh Repeal Act, 2017,’ in the Sindh Government Gazette.

National Accountability Ordinance 1999 Repeal Act, 2017

After much frustration over NAB's proceedings against several powerful individuals accused of corruption, the PPP-led provincial government in Sindh last month passed the National Accountability Ordinance 1999 Repeal Bill, 2017 (now an act) to repeal the applicability of NAO, better known as the NAB law, to departments and autonomous bodies controlled by the provincial government.

The Sindh Assembly had also approved the establishment of an accountability agency that would replace the decades-old Anti-Corruption Establishment.

After the bill was first passed on July 3, Sindh Governor Mohammad Zubair had refused to sign it and sent it back with objections. The Sindh cabinet then discussed the observations of the governor and unanimously approved a new draft bill which was passed by the provincial assembly on July 27.

The governor did not give his assent the second time either; Sindh Law Minister Ziaul Hasan Lanjar, however, told reporters that under Article 116 (3), a bill "automatically becomes an act" if the governor fails to give his assent the second time within 10 days.

After enactment of the law, NAB can still act against federal government’s employees in Sindh, but not those employed with the provincial government.

What is the new law?

With the enactment of the law, the Sindh Enquiries and Anti-Corruption Act, 1991 and Rules made thereunder stand repealed and all cases pending with the Anti-Corruption Establishment, its employees, assets and liabilities are also transferred to the Sindh Accountability Agency.

Under the new law, the Sindh government would establish accountability courts in the province and such courts would be headed by a district and sessions judge (DJ), or a person qualified to be appointed as DJ.

There would also be an accountability commission comprising chairman of the agency, advocate general of the province, prosecutor general, director general and director investigation of the agency. The commission would review the progress of cases of corruption and recommend to the government steps for the eradication of corruption in Sindh.