Alert Sign Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on

Alert Sign Dear reader, please upgrade to the latest version of IE to have a better reading experience


A visit to Gujranwala's Eimanabad throws new light on Babur's legacy

Updated Jan 04, 2017 08:49pm


Your Name:

Recipient Email:

I stood at the threshold of the gurudwara. A small plaque above its wooden door declared that it was Gurudwara Chakki Sahib, Eimanabad. The door of the place of worship was locked, while a Nishan Sahib, the Sikh flag, rose from its courtyard, hoisted on a pole.

Eimanabad city, close to the Grand Trunk Road, is a splendid repository of history. Structures of several temples, now converted into houses, stand tall and proud amidst the houses. Scattered across it are remnants of exquisite havelis and palaces of nobles who once resided here.

One of these havelis was that of Malik Bhago, a corrupt noble who was reprimanded by Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, on the holy man’s visit to the city.

According to legend, Nanak refused to attend the sumptuous feast that Bhago had organised for the priests and Brahmins on the occasion of his son’s wedding, choosing instead to eat at the house of a carpenter, Bhai Lalo. Infuriated, Bhago summoned Nanak to his palace and questioned him over the rebuff.

Taking some bread from Bhago’s spread, the Guru squeezed it and blood oozed out of it. When he did the same with bread from Bhai Lalo’s house, which he had summoned to the venue, it released milk.

The guru explained that this was because the bread of Bhago had been purchased by money accumulated through corrupt means and by exploiting the poor, while Bhai Lalo had earned his money with honesty.

A few streets away is the gurudwara Bhai Lalo di Khoi, where Bhai Lalo’s house once stood and where Guru Nanak and his companion, Bhai Mardana, had stayed. The metal door to this gurudwara was also locked.

The conquest of Eimanabad

Before the the city of Gujranwala emerged as a major trade hub, Eimanabad was one of the most important cities east of Lahore, lying on the route connecting Kabul in Peshawar to Lahore and Delhi. With the rise of Gujranwala, Eminabad became a small town.

In the first half of the 16th century, Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, crossed the Chenab river, which flows through parts of India and Punjab (in present-day Pakistan), in search of new territory to capture. He came upon a massive city and forces unleashed terror on it, killing thousands of citizens and imprisoning many more.

The city in question was Saidpur, its name later changed to Eimanabad on the orders of its new king. Nanak’s hagiography suggests he was in Saidpur when Babur captured the city. Along with other citizens, he too was imprisoned and forced to work on a stone mill.

According to one of the retellings of this story, Nanak, a saint, did not want to use his hands to rotate the stone mill and is said to have used his magical powers to make the mill rotate on its own.

This is ironic, given that Nanak, in his poetry, has spoke vehemently against superstitious beliefs on magic. Once, when asked if he could perform magic, he is believed to have sarcastically said:

Dwell then in flame uninjured,
Remain unharmed amid eternal ice,
Make blocks of stone thy food,
Spurn the solid earth before thee with thy foot,
Weigh the heavens in a balance
Then ask thou that Nanak perform wonders

When the guards at the prison saw Nanak’s purported magic, they informed Babur, who summoned the Sikh guru to his court and asked for his blessings so he could be successful in his future conquests.

Nanak refused to bless the Mughal king, questioning his audacity to seek his blessings after conquering the land where he lived. However, even without the guru’s blessings, Babur succeeded in his conquests and in spreading the Mughal Empire.

Today, the Gurudwara Chakki Sahib is located at the spot where Nanak was imprisoned and performed this “magical” deed.

Gurudwara Chakki Sahib. (Photo: Haroon Khalid)
Gurudwara Chakki Sahib. (Photo: Haroon Khalid)

Impression of an emperor

Almost 500 years after Nanak and Babur’s meeting, India and Pakistan are divided on the Mughal emperor’s legacy. For Hindu nationalists in India, Babur is an imperialist who plundered their land, curbed religious freedoms and suppressed their traditions.

Some Hindus believe that the Babri Masjid, or the Mosque of Babur in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, was built after demolishing a structure on the Ram Janmabhoomi, or the birthplace of Lord Ram, making it a major bone of contention.

Its demolition on December 6, 1992, by a group of Hindu kar sevaks, is one of the most important political events in India’s recent history and triggered communal riots all over the country.

In contrast, Pakistan, perhaps more so after 1992, began to embrace Babur. It suited the State’s historical framework – the need to depict the superiority of Muslim culture over the Hindu civilisation.

Much like the invaders Muhammad Bin Qasim, Mahmud Ghaznvi and Mohammad Ghori, Babur became a symbol of Muslim nationalism that culminated in the creation of Pakistan.

Several roads and chowks in the different cities of the country are named after the first Mughal Emperor. The State has even named a missile after him and just two weeks ago, Pakistan tested an enhanced version of the medium-range and subsonic cruise Babur missile.

As both the states interpret Babur to suit their narratives, I look towards Guru Nanak and what he had to say about the conqueror.

His poem Babur Bani, included in the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikhism’s central scripture and its 11th and eternal guru, beautifully captures the destruction that the king left at Eimanabad in its aftermath.

He writes:

Bringing the marriage party of sin,
Babar has invaded from Kabul,
demanding our land as his wedding gift, O Lalo...
...The Qazis and the Brahmins have lost their roles,
and Satan now conducts the marriage rites, O Lalo...
...The wedding songs of murder are sung, O Nanak,
and blood is sprinkled instead of saffron, O Lalo.

The poem mentions that his forces did not differentiate between Muslims and Hindus. Both fell victim to his wrath, which Nanak sarcastically calls “justice” of god.

For Nanak, Babur was not a Muslim king bent upon destroying the Hindu culture and neither was an Islamic national who wanted to spread his religion over a the land.

He was simply a king motivated by greed and glory, so much so that anyone, irrespective of religion, who came in his way, was destroyed.

This article was originally published on Scroll


Your Name:

Recipient Email:

Author Image

Haroon Khalid has an academic background in Anthropology from LUMS. He has been traveling extensively around Pakistan, documenting historical and cultural heritage. He is the author of Walking with Nanak, In Search of Shiva: A study of folk religious practices in Pakistan, and A White Trail: A journey into the heart of Pakistan’s religious minorities.

The views expressed by this writer and commenters below do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Dawn Media Group.

Comments (98) Closed

Bhushan Parimoo Jan 04, 2017 12:22pm

quite interesting and informative too, Dawn disseminate the information most vital and creditable worth reading

Paggrri Sambhal Jan 04, 2017 12:27pm

Very intresting article.Thanks for sharing.

zafar Jan 04, 2017 12:30pm

The mighty Indian emperor Babur conquered Eimanabad wonderfully. Thanks for the detailed account.

Gajendra, Pune Jan 04, 2017 12:40pm

Splendid article... Open your thoughts guys.. Buried your hates and start loving.. Follow the path shown by Nanak Saab.. That doesn't mean change your faith or hate others religion, just keep humanity first..

Gajendra, Pune Jan 04, 2017 12:45pm

Haroon Khalid, thanks for presenting this and keep it up.. you are doing good work...

ANASKhawar Jan 04, 2017 12:48pm

Agreed with this article,

kanwarch Jan 04, 2017 01:03pm

Very interesting indeed. We need to do more research on our history and past. We should interpret it logically and not from nationalistic and religious angles. Really enjoyed it.

Tapan banerjee Jan 04, 2017 01:04pm

Beautiful analysis and understanding of the sub-continent from Haroon Khalid. Thank you !

mark Jan 04, 2017 01:13pm

hmmm...this really gets a lot of hatred off me ! i like this guy , stay blessed wherever you are !

Ali Babar Jan 04, 2017 01:27pm

If only the present and past kings had listened to the sane voices and people of faith; we would have lived in a paradise. But alas humans are still doing the same while knowing that history does repeat itself.

Abhay, Pune Jan 04, 2017 01:34pm

Quite engaging article..and kudos to Dawn for publishing it in the current environment-inside and outside India/Pakistan. Like modern times politicians(!), kings in the past evoked or ignored religion as it suited their purpose. Babur, it is proven, used religion to win first battle of Panipat. But here a third party authentic confirmation that he persecuted Brahmins as well as Qazis. Good to know and learn. We need to know, learn past but walk in the current times ignoring the vices or wrong doings of the past.

Gustaakh Jan 04, 2017 02:04pm

Very informative. Glad we have scholars like Haroon Khalid.

usaifi Jan 04, 2017 02:12pm

I always thought there was nothing to see in that area but now I will plan a visit. This place is so rich in history for the Sikh and everybody else.

Prabhjyot singh MAdan Jan 04, 2017 02:10pm

Thank you for sharing this with all of us. Guru Nanak Dev ji was a wonderful saint, through whose teachings we, punjabis across the border have flourished all over the world through hard work and universal Brotherhood.

narendra Jan 04, 2017 02:19pm

Very interesting Article. History newly explored.

Anshuman Jan 04, 2017 03:04pm

Wonderful article..good see such positive and unbiased analysis. Kudos to you Haroon Khalid

Zahid Jan 04, 2017 03:09pm

Religion is simply a tool to be used in power politics as contemporarily suitable otherwise the real power dynamics are much more mundane and treacherous. Even today this is true. People of Pakistan and India should wake up.

Kryptonite Jan 04, 2017 03:14pm

"He came upon a massive city and forces unleashed terror on it, killing thousands of citizens and imprisoning many more"

That is what Babur did for a living. But some want to just ignore such facts.

Sympathiser Jan 04, 2017 03:21pm

Thank you Dawn for this beautiful article..

Truelove Jan 04, 2017 03:24pm

Dear Haroon,

If only the folks on both sides of the Indo-Pak border realise the true meaning of what Holy Guru Nanak said, if only when both don't forget the common ancestry, history, civilization that we share irrespective of what ever religion we practice then alone peace will prevail in the Sub Continent and we prosper again together.

God bless you and grant you the strength to bring out many more such articles.

A Friend from India.

Shankar Das Jan 04, 2017 03:35pm

"Nanak refused to bless the Mughal king, questioning his audacity to seek his blessings after conquering the land where he lived. However, even without the guru’s blessings, Babur succeeded in his conquests and in spreading the Mughal Empire."

A short time thereafter, guards at the prison worried by the apparently ill-omened incarceration of Nanak, reported to Babur that there was a very holy man in the prison and that it was imperative that the Emperor see him. Babur then attended at the prison and visited with Guru Nanak. Upon the conclusion of this visit,
Babur very much affected, granted Respected Guru Nanak his liberty and invited him to attend in his tent for further discussions. In the discussion, Guru Nanak asked babar to do justice with all humans and stop terrorizing the innocent people then our blessings would be upon you, otherwise we would raise our voice against injustice.

purushottamsingi Jan 04, 2017 03:58pm

Interesting article.

J s pawar Jan 04, 2017 05:25pm

Very balanced unbiased educated researched article by Muslim scholar. I as Sikh didn't know Babur met Guru Nanak. So it was very enlightening to know a historical encounter between Guru Nansk and Babur. Thanks again to the writer

Harmony-1© Jan 04, 2017 05:37pm

"Taking some bread from Bhago’s spread, the Guru squeezed it and blood oozed out of it. When he did the same with bread from Bhai Lalo’s house, which he had summoned to the venue, it released milk."

Such are the 'legends'!

Khwarezmi Jan 04, 2017 05:33pm

Babur or no Babur, The Mughal Sultanate was the greatest civilization that has ever existed in India. Under King Aurangzeb over 24% of world GDP and every third human on earth was under his flag, a record India will never beat again.

anuapm shukla Jan 04, 2017 05:35pm

excellent article. I must say most of the dawn article i read they are written with utmost sense of correct fact, highly analyzed, concise and giving readers accurate measure of sensibility. even in this article it was very well explained and no where opinion of author is presented which makes dawn different. it gives user to think based on correct source of information and not to believe biased opinion of writer.

Parvez Jan 04, 2017 05:41pm

Keep writing

S Thiyagarajan Jan 04, 2017 06:26pm

Very touching article. The author has painstakingly collected all the information about the history of Guruji Nank and Babur and presented it in an interesting article. Keep it up Haroon Khalid. As a regular reader of Dawn web edition, I find Dawn as an outstanding secular newspaper comparable to our own THE HINDU newspaper.

Jammu Jan 04, 2017 06:38pm

@Khwarezmi nobody can help your ignorance. India greatest time was Gupta Empire. Ask any neutral historian they will say the same.

Dr. SalariA, Aamir Ahmad Jan 04, 2017 06:41pm

Eimanabad is a great city which I have been watching to grow from a sleeping village to a medium sized city since last four decades. I have passed through Eimanabad thousands of times while travelling on the Grand Trunk road in either direction. Its famous canals & water distribution system is one of the best in the world including the nearby irrigation department's housing colony, not to forget the famous village of Nandipur, where an incomplete power plant is under construction almost since last two decades.

Eimanbad became more important after the "by-pass" roads in and around it were built as tributary to the historic Grand Trunk road. Now if travelling on the G.T. road in either direction, its not mandatory anymore to enter Gujranwala city & encounter its huge traffic blues.

Similarly, those travelling to the great cities of Daska and Sialkot in either direction on G.T. road can use the same by-passes & avoid the agony of navigating through the traffic nightmares in Gujranwala.

Moth Jan 04, 2017 06:48pm

Thanks Dawn. Two thumbs up that is what I can say for now.

UKumar Jan 04, 2017 06:59pm

@Kryptonite You pointed the right view.

Masood Hussain Jan 04, 2017 07:14pm

True,Kings and conquerors are hardly concerned about Promotion or destruction of any religion

riz1 Jan 04, 2017 07:19pm

Fair, balanced and well written. Good to see the space for the likes of the author.

TruthSEEKER Jan 04, 2017 07:37pm

Very Good article and I must congratulate the author for showing the courage and objectivity.

Ashok Sharma Jan 04, 2017 08:15pm

Nice , such facts and stories should be included in school text books of Pakistan which will help the comming generation to know the truth and our past.

bakwaas Jan 04, 2017 08:16pm

Well written and researched

syed Jan 04, 2017 08:20pm

Where can you find Haroon Kahlid's book, "Walk with Nanak.."?

PR Jan 04, 2017 08:22pm

Kudos to Mr. Haroon Khalid for an insightful article.

Khwarezmi Jan 04, 2017 08:24pm

@Jammu Very typical of people like you to downplay the achievements of Muslims. No one is saying ancient empires were any less but under King Aurangzeb India was at it's height. There are hundreds if not thousands of historical facts to back this up by neutral historians.

Amarjit Gill Jan 04, 2017 08:46pm

God bless you Haroon.We need writers like you.You are very fair and open minded.Please keep in writing and continue your research

Faisal Jan 04, 2017 09:04pm

Very informative article.

AP Jan 04, 2017 09:10pm

A very poorly researched article mainly based on folklores. Architecturally the building remnants of the city belong to a much later period built by the famous 'Dewans' of the Sikh period. The city was on the main route to Lahore before the construction of Grand Trunk by the Brits in the second half of the nineteenth century.

analyzer Jan 04, 2017 09:51pm

@Jammu : Yeah bro.. and also Look at glory of Vijay nagara empire...

Masood Jan 04, 2017 10:07pm

One fact is undeniable that Mughals and other kings from the west came to India for just 'ONE' thing, that is to plunder and loot the riches it provided. It is common sense that they came from the barbaric lands of Eastern Russia and Afghanistan, where they slept in tents or run down structures, upon seeing the palaces of India they decided to make this their home. Be careful the Afghans are coming back.

Maharaj K Razdan Jan 04, 2017 10:32pm

Glad to note that there is some one who says the Muslims of Pakistan are not descendants of Mohammad bin Qasim who conquered Sindh in eighth century.

Akram Jan 04, 2017 10:39pm

@AP "The city was on the main route to Lahore before the construction of Grand Trunk by the Brits in the second half of the nineteenth century." Bhai jaan the GT road was built by Sher Shah Suri, not the Brits.

SWAPNil shanu Jan 04, 2017 10:42pm

Hats off to the author and Dawn for publishing it. Great article.

YHM Jan 04, 2017 10:43pm

Excellent effort, really revealed unknown facts of history. Fair and factual assessment of history is essential and helps in building bridges.

a Jan 04, 2017 10:48pm

Muslims had arrived in India much before Babar came from Ferghana. The Mamluks or the Slaves, the Lodhis, the Khiljis, the Sayyids, many dynasties successfully ruled the Delhi Sultanate. Even elsewhere, Bengal, Hyderabad and Gujarat had Muslim rulers.

Muslims are my brothers. I m not letting them leave.

Sandeep Jan 04, 2017 11:15pm

@Khwarezmi You still have no idea what Ashoka had with him.

Sandeep Jan 04, 2017 11:22pm

@Khwarezmi There is a difference.. While Other Empires earned that GDP, Mughals made it from the loot.

TZaman Jan 04, 2017 11:37pm

Babur was a looter more than he was a king. Since the present land of India and Pakistan were equally fickle then as they are now, it allowed these military adventurers to attack the fertile rich land and plunder the riches. Sometime they got a kingdom even.

Ignorance not a bliss Jan 04, 2017 11:37pm

@Khwarezmi There were a lot Indian empires with great might of forces and economy, but a civilization is also judged by its contribution to culture and science. In this respect Aurangazeb's period is a very bad example, which is considered as a dark period, compared to his more illustrious predecessors like Akbar. Anyway this great article is about peace rather than boasting who is great.

Mehran Jan 05, 2017 12:14am

@Khwarezmi It was at its decline during torturous rule of Aurangzeb. He was most violent of all.

Avtar Jan 05, 2017 12:20am

Thanks for exploring little historical gems! There is much need in South Asia. In Europe, small churches in many small towns have been restored and is helping to promote tourism.

helloall Jan 05, 2017 12:27am

Interesting snap shot of who Babur really was. As Guru Nanak observed he was just an invader who came to loot and killed all .. Muslims and Hindus.. didn't discriminate. Those who feel proud about 'foreigners' like Qasims, Ghaznvis, Ghoris and Baburs invading and killing their own families are totally misinformed. Very sad!

Nyc Jan 05, 2017 01:03am

@Khwarezmi a country or person's wealth is not a true judge of someone's real worth. It's contribution to the society that gets remembered forever. That is why things like inventions and discoveries stay there through time immemorial!

Ramana Madhavpeddi Jan 05, 2017 01:41am

We need to accept history and understand and appreciate it and move on. Why fight about dead people and what they mean or not mean? That would be very stupid, which unfortunately is what is in play between India and Pakistan, interestingly Bangladesh does not care.

D Patel Jan 05, 2017 02:58am

A very good and fitting tribute to Guru Nanak on an article on Babur. I am surprised that good anthropologist like Haroon Khalid will add unwarranted reference to Babri Mosque incidence with a propagandist vision by selectively showing a happy Hindus freely praying in a Mandir in Pakistan as a true representation of a tolerant Pakistan during Babri mosque incidence in India. Reality was far from this selective presentation. Also, there is nothing special about Nanakiji completely ignoring the religion of King Babur. In Indus valley civilization, king was always a considered as protector of all his subjects, irrespective of faith or creed. Kings were always doing noble service to people. So, brutal Babur was seen by Nanakji, as an abnormal and bad king.

Sauron Jan 05, 2017 03:03am

@Khwarezmi the Vijayanagara Empire was more tolerant, the mauryas ruled larger dominions and the Gupta age was the golden Age of India. So pretty much better than the Mughals any day.

as for 24%.. we'll see in the coming century

Sauron Jan 05, 2017 03:03am

@Khwarezmi "here are hundreds if not thousands of historical facts to back this up by neutral historians."-- care to mention a couple of these 'neutral' works?

Surinder M. Singh Jan 05, 2017 03:09am

I would like to order Haroon Khalid's books dealing with Sikh history and religious places in Pakistan and appreciate very much if someone could give me his email and/or contact information Thanks

alla bux Jan 05, 2017 03:18am

@Khwarezmi Neither anyone can beat Aurangazeb's cruelty nor bigotry. Better such records never broken.

Jamil Khan Jan 05, 2017 05:11am

very good article written by Haroon Khalid throwing light on other side of history of Mughal emperor Babur as we are not aware what other religion of un-divided view it as I read similar stories about Mohammad Bin Qasim.

Maqsood Jan 05, 2017 05:46am

Our knowledge of history is so poor and tinted that is hard to separate facts from fiction. Babur was nothing but a warlord. I still do not understand why people praise him.

Syed Zaidi Jan 05, 2017 05:51am

@Khwarezmi, Aurangzeb was just another tyrant of his time. Justifying his unjust rule actually shows the real problems within our Muslim "ummah" where any ruler or ruling elite can get away with the sloutgher of its own people, and lack of knowledge of our own religion also makes us to side with the "Batil" (unjust) in many cases. Hitler also once controlled a vast territory in Europe and build huge buildings, highways and industries, in reality, he was a pure anti-human. But it's really a matter of time when masses would know the truth. Same way, All the fabricated history of the so called Muslim tyrants is being exposed by the thoughtful muslim scholars. We should all support these brave souls. Peace!!!!!

Yemeen ul Islam Zuberi Jan 05, 2017 05:55am

It is enough to write, '[Baber] was a king;' nothing else is needed to explain further.

Rabbani Rameez Mohammad Jan 05, 2017 07:41am

This article is a treasure. It was captivating to read. Haroon bhai, more please

Moinuddin Jan 05, 2017 07:48am

worth reading. Very balanced views, I wish other writers follow your approach,

Ivan the terrific Jan 05, 2017 07:56am

The gurdwaras looks like are maintained by someone but the gates are closed. Hopefully next time we will get to view the insides of these historical structures. Nanak Ji started his life and spiritual journey from Sialkot and then moved to Gujranwala many millions are his followers and diciples. The government should rebuild the gurdwaras to their former glory will get paid back with tourism to this holy place. Guru Nanak went all around the world and there is a Gurdwara in Iraq which he also visited.

Tej singh Jan 05, 2017 08:34am

@Khwarezmi ...Just search on google largest Indian empire ... Mughul at maximum size was 4000,000 sq km while Maurya empire was 5000,000 sq km or 25℅ larger than mughul empire under Aurangzeb

Nuanced Jan 05, 2017 08:54am

Babur did not differentiate but he never accounts destroying mosques, he destroyed Temples. So did Humayun, Aurangzeb. Akbar was nice one among these who was neutral

Rana Mohsin Jan 05, 2017 09:38am

Babur was not an Arab Muslim, but a north Asian Mongol origin converted Muslim. His ancestor massacred millions of innocent Muslims before conversion to Islam.

srikanth ambati Jan 05, 2017 09:41am

Excellent article , Long live Haroon Khalid

Ranjit Haripur Jan 05, 2017 09:49am

Khalid beta you are now the light of Punjabi renaissance and a beacon of hope for all Punjabis. We are so proud of you.

IKRAM Jan 05, 2017 10:05am

Interesting read. It reminds me of the saying "History is written by the conquerors". It's always interesting to find a counter narrative.

Muhammad Saleem Jan 05, 2017 11:02am

Fascinating Article....... Guru Nanak envisioned long before many others did, the simmering narrow-minded & hateful thought process towards each other of Hindus and Muslims. Interestingly, the phenomenon remained confined to North India though, as it gave an outlook of an old family feud. Muslims don't have any issues with Nepali or South Indian Hindus & vice versa. Similarly, Hindus hold no prejudice against Irani or Afghani Muslims & vice versa. However, Hindus have a tradition of politicizing just about anything and everything, including the subsequent Sikh Gurus which affected adversely the true teachings and beliefs of Guru Nanak. A few of Hindu as well as Muslim sects treat Sikhs one of their own kind. In fact, Sikhs are clubbed in Indian constitution as Hindus. But Sikhs believe in their religion as a separate entity.

Malik Jan 05, 2017 11:29am

Good job young man. Keep exploring and it form a good library.

Shankar Das Jan 05, 2017 11:37am

@Muhammad Saleem "including the subsequent Sikh Gurus which affected adversely the true teachings and beliefs of Guru Nanak" Pity on your little knowledge. Do you have any example of this things you are talking about?

nuzhat nisar Jan 05, 2017 12:09pm

Haroon Khalid its an interesting and informative piece of work. religion is not a tool to use against humanity!

k p rao chennai Jan 05, 2017 12:44pm

The temples now converted into houses--This tells all.

HaSan Jan 05, 2017 01:17pm

Mr Haroon Khalid is trying to combine historical facts with hear say and legends. These two should be kept separate. He need to read some historical facts before undermining the works of Great Mughals like Babar.

BNJ Jan 05, 2017 01:18pm

@Muhammad Saleem It is true that hindus treat sikhs as their own and you will find portrait of Guru Nanak dev Ji, Guru Teg Bahadur and Guru Govind Singh ji in lot of Hindu homes. It has got nothing political about it. These Sikh gurus left no stone untrurned to help hindus in any form,they fought for hindus and even laid their life for them. Our respect for Guru Nanak dev ji & Sikh community is lesser to none.

Red Jan 05, 2017 01:37pm

@Khwarezmi in 1 A.D India was 35% of the world's GDP, so the 25% was a climb down from the peak.

Anony Jan 05, 2017 02:10pm

@Red lol 1 A.D as if they knew what was beyound their own horizons or of the other ancient cultures and civilians. Plus you forget the point in 1 A.D what qas the actual gdp lol and the world population compared with later and the land mass and population and trades with other civilisations when compared with 1 A.D.

Santosh Kumar Jan 05, 2017 02:52pm

@Gustaakh very true

Agha Pasha Jan 05, 2017 06:05pm

Very informative. Keep it up.

bismilla Jan 06, 2017 05:00am

People, who have wealth and have no guts to protect it, will be separated from their wealth. It is true then and equally true now. Babar's accomplishments prove that and while losers lament.

Rehan Siddiqui Jan 06, 2017 06:26am

@AP dude, get your facts right,, grand trunk was built by SherShah Suri and not the Brits!

Blue Knight Jan 06, 2017 04:40pm

Wikipedia Says: The route spanning the Grand Trunk (GT) road existed during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. The predecessor of the modern road was rebuilt by Sher Shah Suri, who renovated and extended the ancient Mauryan route in the 16th century. The road was considerably upgraded in the British period between 1833 and 1860

Blue Knight Jan 06, 2017 05:16pm

Empror Akbar the Great laid the firm foundation of the Empire in the subconinent while It was Aurangzeb who caused its decline. The primary causes of the decline of the Mughal Empire were the religious and political intolerance imposed upon such groups as the Hindus, Sikhs, Rajputs and Marathas, along with economic oppression caused by heavy taxation. These injustices fomented rebellion among the people. So Jats, Rajputs, Marathas, Pashtuns, Sikhs, Satnamis and Ahoms rebelled and established their seperate kingdoms. East India Company put curtain on it.

Say it Jan 06, 2017 06:16pm

@Truelove ....well said , totally agree that this is the only way forward. Imagine if both nations work together, what can we achieve in education and economically for our people.

True Jan 07, 2017 03:22am

@Khwarezmi And did you know how Aurnagzeb became king & his last moments. Perhaps you would like to know the truth....

ZAFAR Jan 07, 2017 04:57am

@Khwarezmi Pak's greatest time has been all those 4000 yrs when India ruled over it. Since pak has no kings or empires of its own.

Maya Ghose Jan 07, 2017 06:16am

Sounds like made up fiction.

jatha Jan 07, 2017 05:12pm

Good historical account. A very genuine effort on the part of writer to unearth the historical places and their buried and forgotten history. Well Done Keep it up.

Mian Amir Hakim Jan 08, 2017 08:10am

When we comment or reproduce someone else's version. It is always good to read the part of history that speaks about the person in question. Blood and destruction has always been a part of wars from the prehistoric times. I suggest the writer to read the Tuzak e Baburi. A biography that remained most authenticated and well read by all including the West till the recent times. This will help understand Babur.