Qurban Ali of Pakistan, whose son was among those who died after a ship carrying asylum seekers sank off Java island.—AP Photo
Qurban Ali of Pakistan, whose son was among those who died after a ship carrying asylum seekers sank off Java island.—AP Photo

CISARUA: Rahmatullah Afzaly says the thought of boarding a rickety Indonesian fishing boat in roiling seas, crammed with hundreds of other asylum seekers, is terrifying. But it's nothing compared to his fear of the Taliban.

His lips quiver and he struggles to keep the tears inside as he allows his memory to drift back home to Afghanistan, where scores of ethnic Hazaras like himself have been captured, tortured and killed by militants.

He and thousands of other asylum seekers from various war-ravaged and impoverished countries have made it to Indonesia, but Australia is where they seek a better life.

And they are risking death to find it.

Unwilling to languish for years here in detention centers while their cases are heard, many board smugglers' boats to attempt the 500-kilometer trip to Australia's Christmas Island.

Concern over the journey has escalated in the past three weeks. Two boats capsized and another was rescued in rough seas while en route to Christmas Island, which is closer to Indonesia than mainland Australia.

More than 90 people are believed to have died, and hundreds more have drowned in similar accidents that have become commonplace over the past few years.

"We know that we can die on our way ... but there is no life in our country," Afzaly says, weeping softly. Four other men from his homeland, all minority Shia Muslims, cover their faces to hide their own emotions inside the small rented house they share in West Java province.

"If we can reach the safe country, then we will have a better future," he says. "That's why we choose to take whatever risk."

The incidents have sparked a fresh wave of fierce debate in Australia, where the two main political parties agree that the asylum seekers should be sent elsewhere but remain deadlocked over where to take them. Meanwhile, the dilapidated boats keep coming, loaded with migrants who believe their cases will be processed faster if they make it to Australian shores.

The number arriving by boat has more than doubled since 2000. So far this year, more than 70 vessels carrying about 5,200 migrants have reached Australia, according to immigration officials.

When boats sink, it is often the Australians who respond. Indonesia says it lacks the resources to conduct large search-and-rescue sea operations. Sometimes, the smugglers sabotage the boats or issue false distress signals, hoping to be rescued and whisked off to Christmas Island.

Afzaly, a 32-year-old furniture maker, left his new bride with nothing more than a promise that he would bring her to a better life — or die trying. He sold his family's shop for $40,000 to pay a network of people smugglers for passage first to Pakistan and Malaysia by plane, then to Indonesia by boat.

He's living in Cisarua, a mountainous area about 80 kilometers southeast of the Indonesian capital, Jakarta. It has become a stopping point for many fleeing persecution who hope to reach their Australian dreamland.

When they make it to Indonesia, many register with the UN to apply for refugee status overseas. Nearly 6,000 people there have done so and are waiting to be resettled, but as time passes with no word about their status, many grow frustrated and impatient. Others skip the step entirely, unwilling to wait at the end of the line of applicants in cramped Indonesian detention centers.

In recent years, Australia has resettled more than 13,000 refugees annually from both offshore sites and from within its borders. Most come from countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

A spike in boat arrivals was seen in 2009, not long after Australia relaxed its immigration policies and closed a detention center on the tiny Pacific island of Nauru, where boat arrivals were housed for long periods. Prime Minister Julia Gillard reached a deal to send them to Malaysia last year, but the High Court struck down her effort to implement it without parliament's approval. The opposition, citing concern about Malaysia's human rights record, wants the asylum seekers sent back to Nauru.

Ian Rintoul, spokesman for the Sydney-based Refugee Action Coalition, says the problem could be eased if Australia did more to help those waiting in Indonesia. Only 57 of them had been resettled through the first five months of this year, he said.

"Australia is willing take people from camps in other parts of the world, but it is unwilling to take them from its own back door," Rintoul said.

"It's the Australian government's policies which are forcing people to get on boats. That's the hypocrisy."

Many migrants first hear about the risky journey at home on the Internet or through word of mouth. They sell their land and all their belongings and hand over fistfuls of cash to people smugglers who make arrangements for travel documents, fake passports and the necessary bribes. They typically travel alone and are met by a network of contacts directing them on to the next stop. Sometimes, they are swindled and left stranded and penniless.

Indonesia has vowed to crack down on those organizing the trips. Authorities recently arrested an Afghan man suspected of smuggling asylum seekers to Australia, including those aboard a boat that capsized June 21, killing at least 17 and leaving more than 70 others missing and presumed dead.

But desperation continues to motivate many to overlook the risks. For about $8,000, they take their chances aboard a small fishing boat with few provisions and often no safety gear.

"It's been a year that I have been here," said Saad Abdulazm, 29, who borrowed $21,000 from his brother to pay smugglers to help him flee the Kurdistan region of Iraq a year ago, first flying to Malaysia and then Jakarta. "How long am I supposed to wait?"

He knows the dangers of the sea all too well. Last May, he was aboard a boat with his wife and two-year-old son when a three-meter wave smashed their overcrowded vessel three days into the journey. The family clung to pieces of debris while being battered by choppy waves and high winds for hours in open ocean.

All 110 people aboard were rescued by Indonesian fishermen, but Abdulazm says he will take the same risk with his family again if his papers do not come through within the next two years.

"I want to pursue a better life, a better future for my son. I want him to live and attend school in a safe country, far from war and violence ... that's why I took this route," he says as he cradles the toddler.

"When the time comes for my son to attend school, if there is still no certainty, I will take a boat again to reach Australia."

Updated Jul 06, 2012 10:30am

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Comments (14) (Closed)


Vikram
Jul 08, 2012 11:19pm
Well most Indians don't know difference between Shias or Sunnis and are not aware of problems Shias face in some true Islamic countries.
M K S
Jul 06, 2012 04:55pm
Why would you say that??? Don't understand the logic. Isn't the Hazara community being targeted in Pakistan as well??? Doesn't matter who the instigator is....who is targetting and killing them. The fact is that they are facing execution as well. They are as much as the citizens of the country as any other ethnic community and deserve the same rights and security (never mind that these are non-existant to begin with) as everyone else.
Shah Deeldar
Jul 06, 2012 03:21pm
Are Muslims being persecuted in their own home countries that they need to seek asylum in the West?
Dr Shakir
Jul 08, 2012 11:39pm
When will Pakistan become a destination for asylum seekers?
millerd
Jul 08, 2012 11:24am
its not persecution , its the desire of better materialistic life. Less they realise , when they get their , they would eventually lose their children to western values and I bet most of them go there for the better future for their children. What awaits them, they don't understand , because most of the boat refugees are economic refugees , barring few genuine ones. The real culprits are the agents and those who benefit from shipment of destitute and desperate people. These criminals should be caught and given exemplary punishments
Hammad
Jul 06, 2012 01:11pm
Taliban are using the same brutal tactics against our pakistanis Hazaras and our security agencies are either unwilling or unable to stop them. My heart weeps for Talibans' victims, especially the highly educated, successful and patriotic Hazaras of Pakistan.
saythetruth
Jul 06, 2012 01:42pm
You are so silly no comparisons between the two how can you compare apple and oranges.
Rattan
Jul 07, 2012 06:14am
looks like it
rk singh
Jul 07, 2012 08:29am
Why cant these refugees go to countries like Saudi Arabia, Dubai, Kuwait - the affluent muslim countries. Why must west support them? Will they accept western way of life and mingle with them? No.
ejaz ali
Jul 07, 2012 08:49am
i totally agree with hammad, hazaras are very polite, patriotic and peace loving people, targeting them only reflect heinous, illiterate and hateful mindset. The sad part is that where are our ulemas and educated religious lot, who can make the difference. Remember the tranquility is always brought through education and tolerance, and that is the job of our religious scholars, educationists and intellectuals. On the other hand law and order is the duty of LEAs. Unfortunately both are disconnected with the masses and miserably disappointing the people as well.
Sadiq
Jul 08, 2012 02:31am
Mr Singh lives in the West or believes that India is part of the West. In either case, he does not know what is happening to Hazaras. There are thousands of Singhs (Sikh) who sought asylum in the Canada and other Western countries. Just to clarify, again, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait will not accept Shia Hazaras trying to run from Wahabi Talibans.
illawarrior
Jul 08, 2012 04:09am
Australia takes many refugees from all over the world, but prefers those who come legally, with proper paperwork. Most of the people on these boats pay big money to be on board, usually deliberately destroy their paperwork, and sometimes deliberately sabotage the boats. The should not be given preference over those law abiding refugees who are doing the right thing and making proper application. After all, once these people are in Indonesia, they are completely safe from the persecution of their homelands, and should wait their turn.
bulabule bahar
Jul 08, 2012 05:52am
They have no reason to sail to australia, which is non Muslim country. Most of them are shia, therefore, they should be leaving for IRAN where the Govt can help them lots. However, the fact is that they are seeking good life and money and request the Australian christain to come in help and accomodate them.There is no Taliban in Iran, and Iran has always helped victims.They should be ashmed of requesting christians for the sake of some dollar and therefore I have no sympathy with them at all.
Hakeem Cann
Jul 08, 2012 06:00am
In the recent history, what has made me amazed is, number one I love to hate the so called Ulama, one can ltterly buy a million just for one doller or saudi riyal and number two the pakistani judges. Islam is a religon of tolerance, hope and in keeping human dignity at its top. The biggest ever enemy of Islam is pakistan and saudis