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What has America done for Pakistan?


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Inherent in that question are assumptions that need to be questioned themselves. Why should America do anything for Pakistan? – Illustrations by Faraz Aamer/

Osama bin Laden has been stolen, Raymond Davis exorcised, and the military’s ego has been hurt once again by men “dressed like characters from Star Wars”. “America is an unreliable ally,” the ISI chief is said to have told the Pakistani parliament in a closed-door briefing.

Pakistan’s ties with terrorists are strategic. Like al Qaeda, Pakistan refers to modern notions of national sovereignty and justice. Like Taliban, Pakistan is concerned less with the enemy and more with spies.

However, our ties with Washington are platonic. If reliability, trust and selflessness are the benchmarks, then the ISI’s evaluation of US foreign policy towards Pakistan is essentially a moral critique.

“What has America done for Pakistan?” parliamentarians asked before calling for a review of ties with the US. Inherent in that question are assumptions that need to be questioned themselves. Why should America do anything for Pakistan?

Pakistan was born a weak state. Soon after independence, Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah asked the US, in a letter sent with his emissary, for $2 billion in military and financial aid, including $170 million for the army, $75 million for the air force, $60 million for the navy, and $700 million each for industrial and agricultural development. He had made a cultural choice.

Pakistan’s first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan visited US president Harry Truman in 1950 to sell the country’s “geopolitical importance” to the super power. Pakistan’s decision to seek US help against the perceived Soviet designs to reach the warm waters of the Arabian sea was purely strategic.

What the US did for Pakistan consequently produced the conditions that allowed a state that was not expected to last very long when it came into existence, to develop robust agriculture to feed itself, one of the world’s largest militaries and the ability to produce nuclear energy and weapons.

What has America done for Pakistan’s armed forces?

From 1954 to 1956, the US gave Pakistan about $1400 million in military aid, helping an ill-equipped Pakistan Army develop infrastructure, mobility and firepower, and improve command, control, communication and intelligence capabilities for its newly raised divisions. Also in 1954, Pakistan began to receive more than 100 Sabre F-86F aircraft that made the core of its air force. Armed with Sidewinder missiles, these fighter planes gave the Pakistani air force a decisive edge over the Indian one.

Pakistan had also received several hundred M47 and M48 Patton tanks and artillery equipment that gave it tangible superiority over India. By 1971, Pakistan had lost this edge. During the 1971 war, a carrier task force of America’s Seventh Fleet that included nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Enterprise, several destroyers and nuclear-powered attack submarine Gurnard arrived in the Bay of Bengal in support of Pakistan. But Pakistan Army surrendered a day later.

In the 1980s, after Pakistan rejected a $400 million aid package as peanuts, more than $6 billion flew into the country along with weapons that included about a thousand Stinger missiles, as it fought a perceived Soviet threat in Afghanistan and developed a ‘strategic depth’. Since 9/11 (blamed on the ‘strategic assets’ that Pakistan developed in Afghanistan), we received more than $14 billion in military aid and reimbursements, 17 F-16 aircraft and artillery equipment despite substantial doubts on its commitment to the war on terror. Pakistan Navy received the PNS Alamgir frigate, boats, helicopters and two P-3C Orion surveillance and anti-submarine aircraft (with six in the pipeline) and assigned a key role in the Arabian Sea.

What has America done for Pakistan’s nuclear program?

Pakistan’s civil nuclear quest began with the American Atoms for Peace program. It was offered $350,000 to acquire a nuclear reactor in 1955. In 1965, years after scientists Dr Abdus Salam and Dr Ishrat Hussain Usmani traveled to the US, America gave Pakistan its first nuclear reactor. The reactor at Nilore near Islamabad was built by American nuclear engineer Peter Karter and supplied by contractors American Machine and Foundry.

It was only after Pakistan started to develop nuclear weapons that the US imposed sanctions on the country. American concerns of Pakistan’s role in nuclear proliferation eventually turned out to be true.

What has America done for Pakistan’s economy?

Pakistan’s major existential concern in its early years was that all its rivers came from India, and India could block them to cause famines in Pakistan. After negotiations between India and Pakistan failed, America intervened. With input from US public officials, the World Bank spent six years in talks with India and Pakistan to broker the Indus Water Treaty in 1960. After that, the US and the World Bank were major donors to Pakistan’s irrigation system, that included two large dams (Mangla Dam on Jhelum River and Tarbela Dam on Indus River) that added significantly to Pakistan electricity production, and a number of barrages and headworks (Sidhnai Ravi River, Rasul on Jhelum River, Qadirabad and Marala on Chenab and Chashma on Indus).

In the 1970s, American renaissance man Roger Revelle supervised the Salinity Control and Reclamation Program, American agricultural engineers worked with small-town machine shops in Pakistan to help them develop cheap local land-leveling equipment, and USAID’s agriculture chief Richard Newberg developed a fertiliser production and import policy for Pakistan convincing Washington to supply $100 million worth of fertiliser and invest in the Fauji Fertiliser plant.

American scientist Norman Borlaug, with his new varieties of high-yield seed, oversaw the Green Revolution in Pakistan. He received a Nobel Prize in 1970. By 1977, Pakistan’s production of wheat and other food grains had more than doubled and it became self-sufficient in food production. Decades later, Pakistan’s economy still depends on agriculture.

After the failure of its first five-year plan, Pakistan set up a Planning Commission in 1958. The second five-year plan encouraged private enterprise in areas where profits could be made, and government expenditure in less developed areas. It surpassed its goals and Pakistan became a model of industrial and economic development in what is known as the third world (for example South Korea modeled its capital Seoul after Karachi), mainly due to American input and financial aid. After 9/11 when Pakistan decided to join the war on terror, the US helped rescheduled loans of more than $12 billion with members of the Paris Club, allowed duty-free import of hundreds of Pakistani products, and gave Pakistan the biggest economic assistance program since the cold war.

The impact of thousands of Pakistani students, researchers and professionals who were sent on scholarships to universities in the US cannot be measured in financial terms.

And in that manner of argument, it might be appropriate in the end to ask a question that has not been asked so far. What has Pakistan done for the US? What has Pakistan done for the US if reliability, trust and selflessness are the benchmarks?

The author is a media and culture critic and a news editor at The Friday Times.

DAWN_VIDEO - /1029551/DAWN-RM-1x1

LARGE_RECTANGLE_BOTTOM - /1029551/Dawn_ASA_Unit_670x280

Comments (73) Closed

Jul 14, 2011 12:18am
these some facts mingled with some exaggeration, for example: F-86 sabre- they could not carry any missiles nor were they deigned for missile warfare; The US fleet in fact arrived to save west Pakistan that served American startegic purposes.
Forbidden Fruit
Jul 14, 2011 12:23am
There's another question for those who ask what has US done for Pakistan. What have 'they' themselves done for Pakistan?
Jul 14, 2011 12:48am
Very well written article, so well written in fact that I have my suspicions that an American has actually written it. But if Harris bin Munawar is the real author then hats off to the writer. It very nicely presents in chronological order the decisions made by Pakistani politians (and nation) to beg from the start which has now made Pakistan a Fakir-istan
HI Siddiqui
Jul 14, 2011 01:13am
I think you should answer your own question posed in the conclusion, and write a second article. I also think you should do it with the same fervent desire to be just to both countries (if there is such a thing as being just in historical recounting).
Danish S
Jul 14, 2011 01:14am
We have helped grow their Flag (knitting?) industry. We, by far, are the biggest US Flag burners in the world. That has got to account for something.
Jul 14, 2011 01:32am
Very well said. It is often conveniently forgotten by most Pakistanis that USA has given untold billions towards the upkeep of the army and the general well being of Pakistan. Even now a hefty portion of foreign exchange comes from expatriates in USA.One should also ask another question. Why are Pakistanis aligned with Taliban who want to carry people to stone age?
rizwan afridi
Jul 14, 2011 01:42am
Very well-written. Pakistanis quickly forget the generosity of America, and instead prefer the Saudi dollars which have radicalized our people. In America, Pakistanis are treated like human beings (even if theyre Muslim!), but in Saudia, we're treated like dogs and only good as day labourers and guards. America has tried to help develop our country, Saudia has tried to radicalize it. Who is the better friend? The "infidel" Americans? or the "brotherly Muslims" in Saudia? I prefer the former.
Jul 14, 2011 02:14am
Awesome article that needs to be made into a video and played again and again on Pakistani TV. One item in 1971 that needs to be corrected: The US (Nixon) threatened a nuclear attack on India (Gandhi) if it did not end the war immediately after the surrender in East Pakistan and tried to destroy West Pakistan. Their point was the US will defend the existence of Pakistan to the extent of attacking India with nuclear weapons. Such was the love of the US for Pakistan. But the article should also bring out that the US has promoted and provided for the Pakistani Army and the ISI even at the expense of the Pakistani people again and again. They have never been punished for the turmoil in Kashmir. So the Pakistani Army and ISI should show gratitude to the US as well.
Jul 14, 2011 02:18am
Great article. Yes after all What has Pakistan done for the US, if it is not for money?
Jul 14, 2011 02:20am
This is a big eye opener. The angry reaction of Pakistan is difficult to understand. It should be asked if their so called all weather freiend has done even one tenth of what US has done and will be doing in future.
Jul 14, 2011 03:14am
well written, keep up the good work of educating conspiracy theory belivers.
Jul 14, 2011 03:20am
Askm. A very interesting approach, a lesson in a very recent history. Every media outlet is lashing out USA for stopping the aid. Why is it that no one is asking 'Why should we accept aid? We arent crippled and have some integrity' ? Pakistani public blames the government 'sold-out', the military as 'sold-out'. Didnt the Pakistani public sold its own integrity by showing anger over the stopping of aid?
Jul 14, 2011 03:32am
Interesting article indeed. Let us see how many readers put things into perspective. New generation has no knowledge of history and is completely out of touch from reality. After Liaqat Ali Khan our leaders started fighting and eventually this is the mess we are in. Very sad history. South Korean example is a good one. We have only focused on the negative; Pakistan had very good opportunities for growth but greed took over and a country that could have been like South Korea ended up in blame game. More articles like this should be written to remind / teach us our own history.
Jul 14, 2011 03:44am
A wonderful representation of the other side of the coin that we fail to see. I, myself am guilty of failing to fairly apportion credit where it is due at times.
Waqas Ahmed
Jul 14, 2011 03:44am
...because Pakistan always needs to "do more", and USA - nothing much. whatever happened to the basic law of reciprocity.
parveez UK
Jul 14, 2011 03:49am
If you dont now what Pakistan has done for the USA, you must be living on another planet.
Jul 14, 2011 04:27am
Just wondering how much America has given to the respected Author to go on and on about how much america has done for pakistan. What writer forgot to mention was, why America did what it did? How money can make people do what they do ! Truely representing the values left in our society.
Jul 14, 2011 04:43am
wow, not a single comment from any Pakistani
Jul 14, 2011 06:50am
Mr Muanwar's is concise and powerfull reminder to all Pakistanis who there friends are and who should be indebted to this ally. Pakistan since indpendence has been marred with it's own misplaced policies, miscalculated strategies, short sighted direction and a corrupt political and military establishment who are devoid of the ability to think logically and act straight. Today Pakistan is at crossroads an and all that could go wrong has done worse and yet it is yet to learn it's lessons.
Jul 14, 2011 07:00am
What Pakistan has done for America? Well, don't forget that Pakistan had won the cold war for US in Afghanistan which made America the only big boss in the world. The cost to benefit ratio for the US is.... of course, less than one.
Jul 14, 2011 07:51am
wow, you really know how to tell "one side of the story"
Jul 14, 2011 08:34am
I have a strong feeling that many of our country men will not say anything on your article. If you had written this article in a reverse way, I guarantee you that a lot of Pakistanis would have spitted a lot of venom on America by now. It is sad why it is like this. What has happened to our country and our people?
Jul 14, 2011 08:37am
Excellent article. Here's a related question. What have the oil rich Arab countries ever done for Pakistan. The answer of course is "absolutely nothing". Yet the Pakistani media and politicians never seem to tire of brown nosing the Arabs, while bashing America constantly.
Jul 14, 2011 08:38am
Wow did he just really say all that on Dawn?
Jul 14, 2011 08:41am
Has USA delivered Kashmir? Did USA destroy India? NO, then USA has falied to take care of Pakistan.
Sam T
Jul 14, 2011 08:48am
Thanks for sharing this information with people who believe the USA has done nothing for Pakistan. After all this help from the USA,Pakistan is becoming a failed state. What could be the reasons?. Here are some need to be discussed: 1. Weak leadership, civil service, educational system 2. obsession with India. Pakistani military, after three defeats, and its radicals still want to destroy India. 3. Pakistani people are stuck in the past glory of the Islamic Civilization which has evaporated. They want to bring it back by terrorist activities which the world is not going to accept. 4. Lack of democracy. 5. Radical Islam and people forgot the true meaning of Islam It is not too late to change the course of actions and get rid of past mistakes. Make Pakistan a nation that world could be proud off.
Jul 14, 2011 09:55am
Wow. Great article. Thoroughly researched! Much appreciated. Hope the citizens of Pak see this aspect of the US relationship as well.
Jul 14, 2011 10:09am
Super Article Man... Continue the same spirit of truth...
Jul 14, 2011 10:09am
More important question is what people in pakistan did for motherland in last 63 yaers?Anything positive?
zaman khan
Jul 14, 2011 10:16am
Haris you should be appointed spoksman of US Embassy in Islamabad. What ever you have mentioned it involved US own interests relevant to those times.Only few hundered corrupt,greedy and shameless politicians have benefited from US assistance.We have paid more in return in terms of human and financial losses by siding with USA.Were there any suicide bombings prior to supporting this american war in afghanistan?
Jul 14, 2011 10:29am
That pretty much is the truth. Good job Harris.
Jul 14, 2011 10:37am
This is good analysis, where are the Ghairat brigade of Pakistan? As a matter of fact historically speaking being a democracy and more stable nation India never was a favorite of US. Pakistan got a good sustatined help from US for a very long time. It's needless to say, Pakistan has blown it's opportunities big time.
That's not Fair
Jul 14, 2011 10:41am
And What Pakistan did for America and West: As you described Liaqat Ali Khan sold Pakistan's strategic position to America in exchange of numerous benefits and in return for all of that Pakistan killed communism on its border and in the process bleed itself so much that Its own existence is under threat. What else they want, Pakistan fought their war defeated their enemy and eventually they realized, its not needed any more let's get rid of it. Its like people of Pakistan and Afghanistan are like some thing so cheap comodity that they can be traded any where and doesn't matter how cheap. People of Pakistan and Afghanistan both gave so much for NATO and in return what they are getting is bloodshed and even more and more coming. If you Sir-the writer wanted to know what Pakistan did for America and Nato then try to sum up the cost of war against Russia if that WAR would had been foight in Europe............. That's what Pakistan did for them and make America KING of the world.. Priceless..
Jul 14, 2011 10:43am
What has Pakistan done for itself????
abdulaziz khattak
Jul 14, 2011 10:55am
Where did the author get all these misleading, false facts and figures from? Pakistan has lost much more than what it got from the US.
Faraz Fayyaz
Jul 14, 2011 11:00am
The most important issue is what we have done for our own country as everyone has to see his interest the fundamental truth is as nation we are not contributing what we are suppose to be so we cannot blame any other country.
Jul 14, 2011 11:06am
Totally mind blowing.................
Khan Wali
Jul 14, 2011 11:17am
Now it is necessary to see the other side of the picture, 'What Pakistan done for the US'. Its a stunning reality that US became a single super power only due to Pakistan, which US could not achieve during 40 years of cold war with The Soviet Union.
Zahid Khan
Jul 14, 2011 11:31am
Extremely shocking to know there exist such honest writers in Pakistan and who have guts to talk about such truths! Means there is some hope for Pakistan.
Jul 14, 2011 11:35am
great job!!!! God bless you
Jul 14, 2011 11:48am
The US has provided similar aid to all the oil producing countries of the world. In other parts of the world, including our neighbour, there are currently a number of social and economic projects going on under the umbrella of some Europe or US based organisation. In return, we could not get maximum benefit out of all this aid largely due to corruption at the hands of high ups, unlike other countries who have been, and still are, beneficiaries of US and foreign aid. This has been the major difference. May we ask u, Harris, to elaborate on how other countries have benefited the US and her ambitions?
Jul 14, 2011 12:02pm
If the question is "What Pakistan has done for America ?" then the answer is "Sacrificed Lots of human Life" What more can a country contribute?? But for sure Pakistan has lost its self esteem as a nation in the whole bargain.
H Chaudhry
Jul 14, 2011 12:05pm
Great Article. However, things need to be put into perspective ! Aid or any help does not come free. Pakistan did pay a huge price of the Cold War victory that US claimed in 1990s. Millions of Afghans that infested our society is just one example.
H Chaudhry
Jul 14, 2011 12:07pm
Yes this is the truth but not complete truth. The reality is much harsh. Pakistan's contribution to cold war and the current war on terrorism is no joke.
Jul 14, 2011 12:16pm
Uhh..I don't think that was the message of this article..I think it illustrated the fact that the US has done more for Pakistan than Pakistan has done for US.. And I don't think Pakistan is the reason why US is a superpower..I know you meant Pakistans involvement in helping the US during the cold war..But the reason why the US won is because the soviet nailed its own defeat by employing wrong ideals and strategy very much like what todays Pakistan and its ppl are doing..
Jul 14, 2011 12:20pm
Well made point. This has been a two way street. fulfilling their role in against the Soviets was no small thing - publicly taking on a world superpower. If the USSR had invaded Pakistan, their would have been no staging ground for any supportive US response. Yet Pakistan took the risk.
Paaji Nalayak
Jul 14, 2011 12:22pm
Hmm. is that so? Pakistan is so mighty that it defeated a super power so that another super power can be the sole super power. Wow I admire the logic behind this. Of course there is no reality in the statement that Pakistan acted as killer for money.
Jul 14, 2011 07:34am
It's just a shame that the most absurd views from people in Pakistan happen to come from the very same ones who have a conspiracy theory for every situation to never require them to acknowledge and accept truth that conflicts with their view. I'm from the US and, don't get me wrong, there are plenty of flaws. But, many of the most prevalent negative opinions make us look like we have some otherworldly evil magic powers. I'm all for debating opinions but, whenever I come across one of those people it doesn't take very long to realize where it started is exactly where it will end. It's certainly not everyone in Pakistan though the ones I'm referring to are a lot louder.
Jul 14, 2011 12:53pm
"In politics strange bed fellows do we keep" William Shakespeare. Nothing is given for free or in name of charity between two nations.Countries are required to play their cards carefully. All wheeling dealing is carried out by people who are at the helm of affairs at a given point of time.It is up to them how they bargain; for the country or for individual interest. While some group in power was selling Pakistan cheap and not making wise investments with the dole money the public was constantly fed on words that America had failed on its commitments.The fact remains that we did not play our cards in the national interest.What remains to be seen is whether we learned lessons from past mistakes? can we still make amends.
Jul 14, 2011 12:54pm
HAHAHAHAHAHAAA that was hilarious.
Jul 14, 2011 01:12pm
What America has done the most is strengthening the military of Pakistan as the figures stated above suggest. And that's been the biggest hurdle in the develpoment of Pakistan. The Powerfull military has sabotaged the growth of the country and made all the so called democtratic regimes dance on its theme.
Jul 14, 2011 01:15pm
The question was this aid given? Nothing comes without strings attached.
Jul 14, 2011 01:22pm
I think years of propaganda by Mullahs & army has destroyed the capability of ordinary Pakistanis to accept the truth
Fayyaz Baig
Jul 14, 2011 01:29pm
Great pro USA article. Bottom line what we did for our nation. i really slot to my great army that they did all the time what they think right never feel to consult with civilian. Could you please mention fact on merit , instead of pro-USA or pro-Pakistani. Could you please provide fact about the lives which we have lost? We lost a big value of amount, live which is more then what USA has given as grant.
Jul 14, 2011 01:49pm
This article is one sided narration of events. Half truth. Mr. Harris, the arrangement between USA & Pakistan was something like this "you scratch my back & I will scratch yours". Yes, it is true that Pakistan received lot of money in the name of aid. Now it will only be appropriate for a journal of your repute to find out what Pakistan did for USA and let us know about that through this edition of yours. I will be watching this space for that.
good news
Jul 14, 2011 01:53pm
Good news is that a new cold war is beginning and Pakistan can again sell its services to CHina this time. Surprisingly Pakistan never goes out of favour!!!
pramod Kumar
Jul 14, 2011 02:05pm
More peope are killed by militants in pakistan than killed in drones attacks. I have seen in many people have written that Pakistan is fighting war for US. I think it's wrong you are fighting your war. if someone attack your house from neighbours house. how many times you will tolerate because you have good relation with neighbour.for some time you will wait for the neighbours action. if he does not act then you ll have to protect your house by yourself Same thing US has done to protect their house they need to kill the enemy hiding in Pakistan. If paksitan would have kill them by themselve then this situation would have never come
Jul 14, 2011 02:44pm
The article misses the tipping point: when Pakistan went nuclear, everything changed and the once generous USA under the influence of some lobbies, started to do everything to destblise the country for the sake of their geopolitical interests in a fast changing world towards a new world order.
Asmat Jamal
Jul 14, 2011 02:47pm
USA has done more for Pakistan than its own leadership and bureaucracy combined. What has our leadership done. Only gimmicks. Our bureaucracy only stole public money and that is all.
Jul 14, 2011 03:08pm
Your article proves that the Americans planned decades ego that through military aid they would turn Pakistan into an american occupied colony. Today, we are so indebted to them, we have given their blackwater and CIA operatives free access into the country, with the result they kill our people and are still free to walk out of here You are trying to say that the US has helped Pakistan and Pakistan is not helping themselves? Open your eyes between the 'political and diplomatic' lines. What you see is not what you get these days.
Jul 14, 2011 03:50pm
Would you care to elaborate on your comment?
Irfan Husain
Jul 14, 2011 03:50pm
Excellent article; it could have included the generous help we received from the US for earthquake and flood relief.
Jul 14, 2011 03:56pm
@Fayyaz. Was it not Pakistan's choice to join the camp of USA? Did their leaders not know that it will come with a cost. Nothing in this world is given free. Look at the neighbouring country who remained non-aligned for which it had to forgo some of the riches on the offer from the West. Pakistan could also choose to follow the same course. It didn't. That is a short sighted policy. Again building up so called strategic assets to keep the communists out of Afganistan was another short sighted decision which has now boomeranged. Trying to drive out Russians at any cost certainly stirred up a hornets nest. Before that Pakistan had no danger coming from Afganistan. Perhaps so much loss of life of which Fayyaz is lamenting could be averted. I only hope that leaders in the subcontinent learn from their follies and bring in peace in the region so that kids today will have a better future tomorrow.
Jul 14, 2011 04:04pm
No thanks, it'll be a thankless job. So you saying only a few greedy politicians benefited from... from the Indus Water Treaty and Pakistan's dams? Only a few greedy politicians benefited from Pakistan's agricultural revolution that makes it possible for us to grow our food? and so on Why don't you read the article and try again?
Rashid Yahya, Toront
Jul 14, 2011 04:48pm
Arabs have done a lot for Pakistan. Just one example. Please look at thousands of Madrassas running in Pakistan on Arabian charity. The world's largest NGO cannot accomplish that much as the Arabs specially Saudi Arabia is doing for Pakistan. It is a free lodging and educational enterprise to produce millions of Mullahs to cater for the spiritual needs of Pakistan. Not a small favour, off course!
Saad Javed
Jul 14, 2011 07:18pm
It's a nice article though in the end whatever US has done, they have done it and will be doing it for their own benefit....we have just been played by the hands of our allies...
Jul 15, 2011 05:29am
Long live US. Pakistan friendship Don't forget that the largest share of overseas Pakistani remittence also comes from USA
Jul 15, 2011 01:10pm
pakistan is living today becouse of america only. if US didnt provide any money to pakistan, then the country will be fully packed of terrorist, and it will under taliban rule.
Engr.Niaz Khan
Jul 15, 2011 02:28pm
We did not do anything for Pakistan, it does not matter that others(USA) have done alot for Pakistan. Only true leadership can save Pakistan not a foreign aid. Pakistan is rich with all resources especially of hardworking people but who will harness these people in the right direction-Just a True Leader and unfortunately we do not have. The day we all decided to be sincere with Pakistan will be the satrt of new Pakistan.
Jul 15, 2011 03:14pm
This article states one sided story and does not even justify about what made America to assist Pakistan with such abundant funds and aids even if America itself has declined in its over all economic growth. Pakistan indeed is the only key ally of America in this region and if this country would not be weak at the time of creation and would not require financial assistance, America on the global stage would just be a viewer rather than player. Pakistan has provided America such a valuable support and assistance in sustaining its global policy since 1947, that all the figures you have mentioned in this article seem too small in comparison with Pakistan's role
a.saleem akhtar
Jul 17, 2011 06:49pm
This is a very one sided article. The fact is that since the inception of Pakistan America has needed Pakistan just as much, if not more. It was pakistan who stood with USA during the bleak years of the Cold War with USSR; this when India - Americas current buddy- had flung itself at the feet of their biggest adversary, the USSR. Pakistan even risked annihlation- the words of Khrushchof- when she allowed the ill-fated U2 Spy plane to fly from its American base near Peshawer. Yes America has helped Pakistan over the years,but has not always given credence to Pakistani interests. 9/11 was admittedly a great tragedy, but to use that to destroy the peace and economic well being of the whole region was too excessive to say the least. They must have foreseen the consequences of attacking a people, never subjugated by invaders. If a weak and pliant Pakistani leadership was unable to bring home this point, then any old British diplomat could have been of assistance. The only way through this mess was negotiations,ironically what America has now decided to pursue,albeit after a great loss of life and complete decimation of Pakistans economy. This comes on top of having to look after the highest number of refugees that Pakistan has been looking after for more than a decade- a burden created in no small measure by the great friend USA. I hope this explains who has done more for who.
Jul 18, 2011 08:08am
Natasha! Well sums it all up!
Jul 23, 2011 11:49am
After independence India opted to join USSR in their national interest and seeing the inclination of USSR Pakistan went towards USA.USA welcomed Pakistan and gave aid only because of importance of Pakistan in cold war as border of USSR was only 22 miles away from Pakistan.It was a game of mutual interests otherwise americans are not our PDPs.Now coming to request of aid by QUAID E AZAM,it seems to be created by the author of this article further the author perhaps forgot whether USA gave this aid or not and most probably not because it was after wards that USA realized importance of Pakistan which was neighboring country of USSR,CHINA and india and port of Karachi was located near to major oil reserves of middle east.So all the military aid was given to spy on USSR(u-2s spyed from peshawar airbase)and to keep a strong ally in the region to safeguard their interests in the region.The author admitted this himself.It were only interests of USA in the region which have been diverted now to india.And a weak or disintegrated Pakistan is required by USA to engage india against CHINA and a strong Pakistan is creating hindrance in this plan.So it is GAME OF SURVIVAL for Pakistan now.