NEW DELHI: India’s annual industrial output slowed to a much lower-than-expected 5.6 per cent in May, official data showed on Tuesday, in a further sign that Asia's third-largest economy is losing steam.
The 5.6 per cent growth in production by factories, mines and utilities was the weakest in nine months and sharply undershot forecasts of around 8.5 per cent.
With inflation still running at a stubbornly high nine per cent and price pressures spreading from food and energy to manufacturing, analysts said they expected the central bank to raise interest rates again later this month.
The hike would be the 11th since March 2010.
“The central bank has made it quite clear it is prepared for lower growth in pursuit of lower inflation,” Brian Jackson, senior emerging markets strategist at Royal Bank of Canada in Hong Kong, told AFP.
Jackson forecast a 25 basis point hike when the central bank meets on July 26 and a total of 50 basis points through the three months to September.
The output figures spelled more bad news for Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who on Tuesday reshuffled his Congress-led government after months of bad publicity over corruption scandals.
May's output figure was down from 8.5 per cent in the same month a year ago, and a revised 5.8 per cent in April, and showed the aggressive rate hikes to tame inflation were putting the brakes on economic performance, analysts said.
The latest figures were compiled using a new index with an updated base year of 2004-05 aimed at more accurately reflecting output trends.
Under the old index, India's industrial output was even worse at 3.6 per cent year-on-year growth -- down from 12.2 per cent the previous year.
Dragging down the index was a slowdown in automobile and textiles production.
The data came a day after industry figures showed the country's car sales grew just 1.26 per cent last month, their slowest pace in more than two years, as high rates and rising fuel costs deterred buyers.
The government is expected to lower its growth forecast for 2011-12 from nine per cent to around 8-8.5 per cent -- still higher than most private economists' expectations, which range as low as 7.5 per cent.
While growth of 7.0-8.0 per cent would be envied by Western economies, experts say India needs at least 10 per cent expansion to lift hundreds of millions of people out of crushing poverty.