‘Restricting free expression helps spread of militant narratives’

Published August 30, 2017
Senator Farhatullah Babar speaks at the seminar on Tuesday. — INP
Senator Farhatullah Babar speaks at the seminar on Tuesday. — INP

ISLAMABAD: Senator Farhatullah Babar on Tuesday said freedom of expression is the basic requirement to counter the narrative of extremists but in Pakistan it remains badly affected because of a lack of trust on the state as the citizens even hesitate reporting incidents that have happened to them.

Speaking at a seminar, ‘Countering violent extremism through promoting respect for human rights’, he said the Senate Human Rights Committee was shocked to know that in Balochistan 50 mutilated bodies of missing persons had been recovered but not a single relative of the victims came forward to lodge an FIR.

“This showed the isolation of people from the state and the criminal justice system.” Moreover, he added, the misuse of cyber crime laws against bloggers and journalists had also affected freedom of expression and prevented the promotion of an alternative narrative against violent extremism.

The seminar was organised by the National Commission on Human Rights (NCHR) in collaboration with the Sungi Development Foundation at a local hotel. Member NCHR Mohammad Shafique moderated the event.

Senator Babar added: “To fight the militant mindset we need to build an intellectual infrastructure that rests on the foundations of free inquiry and free debate not only in academic institutions but also as a way of life.”

Senator Farhatullah Babar says misuse of cybercrime law prevents promotion of alternative narratives against extremism

Giving the example of a journalist in Quetta, who was arrested after posting a question about alleged commissions paid to the FC by coalminers, he said crushing space for dissent and restricting freedom of expression by the state encouraged militants to spread their own narrative.

Deputy Inspector General of Police Sohail Habib Tajik said cyber space and internet had become a safe haven for terrorists.

“Every day 269 billion emails are sent and 350 million pictures uploaded on the social media across the world. The militant Islamic state (IS) group contacted Noreen Laghari, a medical student, through the internet. We need an intellectual input to counter it.”

He warned that as the space was shrinking for the IS in Syria, some of its militants may move to Pakistan.

Zafarullah Khan, the head of the Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services, blamed non-implementation of decisions taken by parliament for extremism.

He said in 1974 the parliament had enacted a law under which private armed groups or lashkars would not be allowed in the country. But the law was never respected.

“Moreover, parliamentarians also did not play any role to ensure freedom of expression as during the last 70 years not a single cut motion was moved on the defence budget. There is an economy of extremism which should be replaced with the economy of peace and youth counsellor elected during the local government elections should be used for promoting peace,” he said.

Anchorperson Matiullah Jan said media had promoted extremism and demoted human rights on the pretext of collateral damage in Pakistan.

“The media has been divided into extremist and moderate ones. The extremist media has been building a narrative that the army is the solution to all issues. On the other hand, the moderate media has been trying to protect the civilian government,” he said.

Munir Ahmed, a journalist, said US President Donald Trump rightly said Pakistan had been playing on both sides and should reconsider its policies.

“Unfortunately, the government has failed to provide social comfort to the citizens. On the other hand, extremists have been providing spiritual comfort to people by showing them the dream of paradise,” he said.

Sungi’s Executive Director Shahbaz Malik said it was the collective failure of society that it could not resist the wave of extremism and failed to build an alternative narrative.

Published in Dawn, August 30th, 2017

Opinion

ECP roars back
Updated 19 Jun 2021

ECP roars back

The bill is a shocking manifestation of the PTI government’s unilateral push to have its way.
Meeting at the top
19 Jun 2021

Meeting at the top

There must be the will to listen, to confer and to compromise...
Budgeting with constraints
Updated 18 Jun 2021

Budgeting with constraints

The budget strategy will deliver growth but raises the risk of external account stress.

Editorial

19 Jun 2021

NA peace — for now

AFTER a session of utter pandemonium and a distasteful war of words, normalcy finally returned to the National...
India uranium theft
Updated 19 Jun 2021

India uranium theft

REPORTS emerging from India about the theft of uranium and possible sale on the black market should be a cause for...
19 Jun 2021

KCR rigmarole

THURSDAY’S proceedings in the Supreme Court clearly demonstrated how divided the stakeholders are when it comes to...
Poll bill reservations
Updated 18 Jun 2021

Poll bill reservations

Reforming the electoral process is vital for Pakistan, and doing so by taking everyone on board is equally important.
18 Jun 2021

E-fund transfer fee

THE State Bank’s decision to withdraw the facility of free of cost digital fund transfer services is disappointing...
18 Jun 2021

Gaza bombed again

MEMORIES of last month’s savage assault by Israel targeting Gaza had not yet faded when earlier this week news...