Hunger and want, and the constant reminder of inequality,may condition religious mobilisation, but they are not solely sufficient.
The appeal of Turkish cultural imports makes sense in light of the country’s more recent history of Islamist violence.
There are also categorical institutional and structural factors at play.
Out of Pakistan’s nearly 106m registered voters, only 44pc are women.
The Senate election might end up resembling a reserved seat nomination process.
Ideologically, various tiers of the Pakistani state apparatus are not committed to the eradication of exploitative work.
Large segments of what is dubbed the informal economy are perfectly legal in occupational terms.
If the last two years in office show something, it is that PTI has become the vehicle for Pakistan’s own statist ideology.
Unless compelled by circumstances, why would you change a norm that largely works in your favour?
A number of issues have been identified with the cash-transfer intervention.
In recent years, the overarching thrust of ethnic politics in the country remains relatively contained.
A new wave of the virus and its accompanying containment measures pose a complex set of challenges.
Outcomes of confrontation between political actors are determined by the resources available to each.
Sometimes change will stem from moral panic, other times by the sheer force of patriarchal violence wielded by traditionalists.
What are the factors behind this violent assertion, and what aspects of the current political dispensation continue to enable it?
Separate and distinct mandates do not change the underlying ecological reality of a given space.
Citizen preferences must be understood not just from the lens of infrastructure planning but also from a cultural...
As a singular entity, the Pakistani state faces far fewer domestic pressures than in the past.
Who bears the cost of these controls? Obviously not the generation that is making these decisions.
What do the vast majority of young citizens, those aged between 18 and 30 in particular, want in their lives?