An Indian paramilitary soldier stands guard at a closed market during a strike in Srinagar. – File Photo by AP

For the first time since the inception of popular armed uprising against Indian rule in Jammu and Kashmir in 1989, two leading human rights groups have named 500 “alleged perpetrators”— including two Major Generals and three Brigadiers of the Indian Army besides many other serving officers and soldiers — involved in killings, fake encounters, torture, rape and other serious crimes like abduction and enforced custodial disappearances in the disputed Himalayan region.

After the discovery of about 6,000 unmarked and mass graves in different parts of the Kashmir Valley not that long ago, the latest report could finally ‘embarrass’ the “world’s largest democracy”.

According to International Peoples’ Tribunal for Human Rights and Justice in Indian-administered Kashmir (IPTK) and the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) — two leading human rights bodies operating in the Valley — their report is the outcome of two-year-long painstaking research.

“Out of 214 cases a list emerges of 500 individual perpetrators, which include 235 army personnel, 123 paramilitary personnel, 111 Jammu and Kashmir Police personnel and 31 Government backed militants/associates. Among the alleged perpetrators are two Major Generals and three Brigadiers of the Indian Army, besides nine Colonels, three Lieutenant Colonels, 78 Majors and 25 Captains. Add to this, 37 senior officials of the federal Paramilitary forces, a recently retired Director General of the Jammu and Kashmir Police, as well as a serving Inspector General,” the report alleges.

“By naming names the report seeks to remove the veil of anonymity and secrecy that has sustained impunity. Only when the specificity of each act of violation is uncovered can institutions be stopped from providing the violators a cover of impunity,” the report further says. The institutional culture of moral, political and juridical impunity has resulted in enforced and involuntary disappearance of an estimated 8000 persons (as on Nov 2012), besides more than 70,000 deaths, and disclosures of more than 6000 unknown, unmarked and mass graves. The last 22 years have also seen regular extra-judicial killings punctuated by massacres. The Gow Kadal (Srinagar) massacre of around 50 persons on 21 January 1990 and other mass killings discussed in this report are symbolic reminders of the persistent human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir,” it adds.

The 354-page report released on December 6, 2012 in Srinagar by these groups also accuses India of institutionally ‘obstructing justice’. India has all along been dismissing allegations of such serious nature against its armed forces by saying that the unfortunate acts are a mere “aberration” and “error in judgment” on part of some individual soldiers, not a matter of policy.

But Khurram Parvez, one of the co-authors of the report, told Dawn that the Indian State has used its various institutions in Jammu and Kashmir – judicial and otherwise – in a sophisticated manner to “continue its control over territory”. “This fits in with the State’s policy and design in Jammu and Kashmir. The State has ensured a lowering of the standard of the serious human rights discourse. Our analysis of the cases in this report clearly evidences this. The State on occasion allows for the filing of FIR’s (First Information Reports), or ordering investigations but it will not allow prosecutions despite information being present,” Parvez writes in response to our questionnaire.

Asked how confident his group was about the findings of the report, he writes: “We are confident of our documentation and analysis in this report. We intend to engage on this report with international rights groups and UN working groups and Special Rapporteurs. We will use this [report] to build awareness in India and internationally regarding the processes of injustice in Jammu and Kashmir.”

Programme coordinator of the Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS) and Tribunal Liaison, Parvez, hopes that the international community will take notice of their group’s report.

The other authors of the report are Kartik Murukutla, who has worked in a UN tribunal in Rwanda for five years, and leading human rights activist in Kashmir, Parvez Imroz.

The authors of the report have a word of caution, though: “The IPTK cannot conclusively pronounce on the guilt of any of the alleged perpetrators, but it is clear that enough evidence exists to warrant further action. However, in the absence of any institutional or political will to take the evidence to its natural conclusion – a trial where the crime and the guilt of a perpetrator can be proven beyond reasonable doubt – the Indian State stands indicted,” read the contents of the report’s executive summary.

How significant are the findings of this report released by IPTK and APDP? When I posed this question to Anuradha Bhasin, executive editor of Jammu and Kashmir’s oldest English daily The Kashmir Times, she had this to say: “Well, I feel this report is significant because the groups have used the information from the same government that is involved in crimes against humanity. In this report a pattern is revealed and that is to bury the investigation.”

She feels that the government can not deny the findings of the report. “Human rights groups have heavily relied on the government version, court case proceedings and information gathered after filing Right to Information (RTI) applications with different state-run departments,” she adds.

How embarrassing could it [the report] be for the state? “The state is too thick skinned to be embarrassed,” she mocks.

Until now, the state government officials and ruling party spokespersons are sounding over cautious and, therefore, reluctant to give a detailed official reaction.

Tanvir Sadiq, spokesperson of the ruling pro-India party National Conference (NC) while speaking to Dawn said it will be “too premature to give a reaction” on a report which is of course of “serious nature”. “Let us read the contents of the report first; study them properly so that we will be in a position to give our party’s reaction.” Asked about the coalition government’s position, Tanvir said: “Our Chief Minister, Mr. Omar Abdullah, has already informed the media in Jammu — the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir which is about 300 kilometres from the summer capital, Srinagar — that the State home department has asked for the copy of the report to study and examine it, and once that is done; the official reaction will come.”

“This report, prepared over two years using information gleaned mostly from official State documents in addition to witness testimonies, in cases available with IPTK/APDP, portrays the state of impunity prevalent in Jammu and Kashmir. Where identities of individual perpetrators of crimes are known it seeks a process of accountability for institutional criminality. The State documents used range from police records, judicial and quasi-judicial records and Government documents. IPTK/APDP using the Right to Information (RTI) legislations sought information on First Information Reports (FIRs), High Court petition numbers and other documentation,” claim the authors of the report.

The contents of the report paint a grim picture of the law and order situation and also highlight the environment of impunity under which Indian forces are operating in Jammu and Kashmir. Experts say that the draconian laws like the AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act), PSA (Public Safety Act) and DAA (Disturbed Area Act) have served as “shield” for the armed forces in Kashmir to “avoid punishment” under law.

Many in Kashmir are expecting a strong reaction from the international community.

Zareef Ahmad Zareef, noted Kashmiri humourist-poet based in Srinagar at his home. – photo by writer
Zareef Ahmad Zareef, noted Kashmiri humourist-poet based in Srinagar at his home. – photo by writer

Zareef Ahmad Zareef, a renowned Kashmiri humorist-poet, believes it is time for the powerful world nations to act. “For one Malala Yousufzai — a victim of Taliban violence in Pakistan — the entire world community expressed solidarity and made special arrangements for her treatment outside a sovereign country to ensure she was safe. Now, we shall see what is the measuring rod for justice and equality? If they’re genuinely sincere and care for justice and human rights everywhere across the globe, they should come forward to the rescue of the victims of Indian state-sponsored violence in Jammu and Kashmir,” Zareef says. The report, according to Zareef, has exposed India’s “hollow claims of being a secular and democratic” nation having a “responsible and professional army”.

“India has declared a war on the civilians in Kashmir. There is no Kashmiri family which is not either directly or indirectly a victim of the state violence. There are some Indians who care for human rights and justice and I’m sure they will not remain silent on this. Whatever has come in open through the report, it is clear that Kashmir has a strong case against India in the International Criminal Court (ICC),” he adds.

Parvez also sounds hopeful about it. “We have flagged issues regarding the application of international criminal law for crimes committed in Jammu and Kashmir. These issues need to be further debated. We ourselves and particularly, other countries that are members of the United Nations need to read this report and push the Security Council to consider further action, including possibly engaging with the procedures at the International Criminal Court. Towards this end, we will lobby with member States of the United Nations. Further, we expect other rights groups and the Kashmiri Diaspora to do the same. The process must continue,” he hopes.

There is also this perception that the international community is selective in its approach in relation to the cases of human rights abuses in different parts of the world. While there is an uproar if violation occurs in countries like China, Iran or Pakistan, very little or nothing is said against India even when the magnitude of excesses may be too big. Some experts opine that the Kashmiris need to learn “marketing their sufferings”, because their supposed supporters are currently on a weak wicket.

Dr. Sheikh Showkat, an expert in international law, says that Kashmir needs to “project its pain” so that the prosecutors at the ICC can take cognizance. “Our supporters are too weak at the moment. We need to market our pain and convince the international community to take action. Also, there is little doubt that there exists disparity because of powerful UN member nation’s selective approach on issues of human rights and self-determination,” Dr. Showkat believes.

Meanwhile, to all cases related to gross human rights excesses in Kashmir during the past 23 years, the Indian Army has more often used expressions like “it was a mistaken identity”, “it was an aberration”, “it was a rare error of judgment”, “we do not shoot with an intention to kill”, “anger of people against killings is justified, but we will conduct our own enquiry to ascertain the facts”, etc.

In a high-profile case, one Major Avtar of the 35 Rashtriya Rifles unit was accused of being involved in the killing of a well-known human rights defender in Kashmir, Jaleel Andrabi, and four counterinsurgents in 1996. Major (Retd.) Avtar Singh committed suicide on 9 June in California, USA before killing his wife and children. Fugitive Avtar had taken refuge in California and kept a low profile there. Some in Kashmir interpreted Avtar’s death as “divine justice”.

In March 2000, the Indian Army claimed neutralising five “terrorists” in Pathribal area and said they were responsible for the killings of 35 members of minority Sikh community in South Kashmir’s Anantnag district. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) — India’s premier investigating agency — conducted an inquiry and found that those killed by the army in an ‘encounter’ were actually civilians. The CBI then filed the charge sheet against the accused Army officers in 2006. Nothing has happened since except for the unconvincing court proceedings and open to doubt Court-Martials.

In majority of the abuse cases, the guilty haven’t been punished. ‘Not only is justice delayed but denied as well’ is the common perception in Kashmir!

Tailpiece: I remember covering an Army press conference in Kashmir in July 2005.  Lieutenant General S S Dhillon was the GoC (General Officer Commanding) at Srinagar-based sensitive 15 Corps of the Indian Army. The press conference was organised in the backdrop of killing of three teenaged boys in North Kashmir’s frontier district, Kupwara on 24 July that year. Tens of thousands of people had protested against this incident. I vividly remember Dhillon’s words then. “This incident was unfortunate and most regrettable. It was an ‘error of judgment’ on part of the troops who opened fire on the teenaged boys. The anger of people against the Army over the killings of three boys was justified.” Dhillon had visited Bungargund, an area falling under Trehgam hamlet in Kupwara, where he had himself witnessed the anger of people. Army bunkers were being attacked by the protesting crowds. Besides seeing the parents of those killed, I went to feel the anger of people, to see the anger of people, and I saw some of it. It (anger against the Army) is justified," the then GoC of the most sensitive Corps said. After his assurances that there will be no such repeats, four more civilians were allegedly killed by the army in Kupwara district in February 2006. The town observed complete shutdown for five consecutive days and staged massive anti-India demonstrations. The unfortunate incidents kept repeating. Not that long ago, one more civilian named Hilal Ahmad, 25, was killed allegedly at the hands of 27-Rashtriya Rifles of the Indian Army in North Kashmir’s Bandipora district.

The writer is a professional journalist with international experience. He has worked as editor at Deutsche Welle in Bonn, Germany. Previously, he has also contributed features to the BBC web. Feedback at

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Comments are closed.

Comments (86)

December 9, 2012 5:27 pm
And why not?
December 10, 2012 2:44 pm
Don't be an imposter,my dear friend.
December 11, 2012 12:09 am
well atleast world knows the true face of pakistan and whats going on in the country but in india my strong intuition is they are hiding lots of facts .
December 9, 2012 1:48 pm
Good scarsam my friend.Wonder how many readers got it.
December 9, 2012 11:47 am
what about the human rights violations commited by miltants armed and pushed into kashmir by pakistan? Pakistan is equally responsible for the situation there. International community is not going to care for kashmir because nobody wants another another Jihadi country in Asia.
December 9, 2012 12:26 pm
More people are killed in Pakistan in the name of Islam than in kashmir.
otherside of coin
December 9, 2012 10:03 am
could have been nice if you would have mentioned balochistan too...
December 9, 2012 10:04 am
India has managed its reputation well, intelligently and agressively. The have right lobbies in the right places to steer public opinion. Ground realities could be much different when it comes to any issue be it human rights or other abuses. I am not surprised at all.
December 10, 2012 6:11 pm
A country which couldn't help itself from division is trying to help others! Ironic, isn't it?
December 10, 2012 5:49 pm
I think you are confusing democracy with minorities . The discussion was about democracy. Stop churning out same old Muslim family names again and again. Gets boring.
December 10, 2012 5:21 pm
I am not Justifying. I condemn this. Whoever behind these shall be punished. But brother please stop blamming the whole country. Instead please look into your country the bashing of hindu, the demolition of temples.
December 10, 2012 5:10 pm
Dear Sister. I accept India has flaw. It's a huge country, huge population, many number of religion, different ethnicity. riff raft is part of many country but the way it's propagated, can be manually modified. I Accept no one is perfect and we dont try to convey we are best diversified unit. The point is, it's being taken care. but all the time The Dawn, one of the respected news in asia, flashes news in a condescending manner when it comes to Indian Administered Kashmir. look how they highlighted the word 'embarrassing'. Hope you understand. .
December 9, 2012 1:58 pm
You are right, the world biggest democracy, "promises something greater than countries like Pakistan can never will", like Moodi becomes a strong candidate for prime minister in upcoming election.
December 9, 2012 10:55 am
It is about time India the darling of the West is shamed and reprimanded for all the human rights violations in Kashmir, 65000 innocent people slaughtered, thousands made homeleess their women raped, mass graves and yet the West is quiet. What about the killings in Assam Mizo Ram, and massacre of Muslims in Gujreat Ayodha Mosque the train burning etc: Just because you want sell things to India it does not mean you sell your soul. I commend this journalist for having the moral courage to do so. Israel and India are the two nations who have got away with a lot.
Ajaya K Dutt
December 10, 2012 3:48 pm
The report was released in SriNagar (under Indian Control).
December 9, 2012 1:57 pm
May I ask which 2 noted Hr agencies they are?? And why is the report not public? Am I to be surprised to know Pakistan is not involved in Hr violations or is HR not applicable to Terrorist breeding nations??
December 10, 2012 2:31 pm
India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka all have miserable human rights records.
December 9, 2012 11:22 am
India and Israel can do whatever they want to without having to worry about human rights etc. Thats the new world order.
December 9, 2012 11:23 am
The West has interest in India and they would definitely avoid to take notice of the cruelties...
December 9, 2012 6:25 pm
@Deepak- if your argument justifies the 'human rights violation' reported by non-Pakistani organisation then you have the very right to continue the violation but, at least, don't claim to be secular.
December 9, 2012 8:24 am
The reason the world doesn't bother about India's HR violations is because it is a Democracy. There are checks and balances, even if there are leaks, the system is working and is responsive. For example, J&K people, who voted so overwhelmingly in the panchayat elections, with 80% participation, can ask their CM "Why?.. Why haven't the perpetrators been booked?" If they think that CM is incompetent, they will find a different one next elections. India is a not US or China, but because its a Democracy it promises something greater than countries like Pakistan can never will.
December 10, 2012 12:09 pm
Mr. Khan I guess you should look into the well being of your own country rather than being bothered about what happens in India. The amount of shouting that you do wont change a thing in India but that same amounts if you shout for the good of your country I am so sure there will be a change.
December 10, 2012 12:09 pm
yeh it is.. although PLEASE DON'T TRY THAT AT HOME(pakistan) :) Its not for you guys... on side note, your figures are exaggerated.. however all of us know what you upto..
December 10, 2012 12:04 pm
800... seriously dude... i might throw up few figures with valid references but then your ignarant and wisdom less soul won't get a bit outta it, so i rest my case here..
December 9, 2012 8:09 am
India should hand over Kashmir to Pakistan to immediately improve the human rights situation.They are anyway doing a good job of it in Baluchistan.
December 10, 2012 11:58 am
Keep your terrorism @ bay and you see people who want to be in India will remain so and those who don't abide by the law will be dealt with you may call it atrocities if that pleases you.
December 10, 2012 9:57 am
The world including US, UN and Western nations are not concerned. I believe and pray that who ever has done this should get punished and probably the law will catch up one fine day which could be delayed but not denied. The world is not making a noise. In all probabilities these things happen in other countries very regularly but will never find the light of the day. If a human rights violations is reported from these countries, the world will stand up and make noise as this could be tip of the ice berg for human violations. I hope readers understand the difference between India and other countries.
Sue Sturgess
December 10, 2012 9:29 am
Which country does not have shameful human rights issues?
December 10, 2012 8:38 am
Pakistan d'nt need Kashmir, its just that Indians should not be allowed to have it either, let kashmiris decide they want an independent nation. let them have it...........
December 10, 2012 8:33 am
majority migrated.... And this wont change the reality, probably they are but the question is does it justify what India is doing in kashmir?
Ammar Khan
December 10, 2012 7:51 am
and two wrongs make a right?
December 10, 2012 8:10 am
Deepak Dawn publishes everyday an article or story on human rights violation in Pakistan, and many Indians write comments on it. I would request you to accept the reality that India has also these issues as self defense wont make any thing better for India.
December 10, 2012 7:35 am
You seem to be conveniently neglecting the fact that this road of 'forceful conversion' and 'killing' was a two way road between Hindus and Muslims. You also seem to be conveniently neglecting the fact that the percentage went from 22 to just over 1 percent due to mass migration more than mass killing. If you wish to make inflammatory comments, please make sure they are objectively made.
December 10, 2012 7:19 am
Modi has not yet been proven guilty..but assuming he is guilty,there is no count as to how many Modi-equivalents are roaming in Pakistan
December 11, 2012 8:07 am
Azim Premji is a self made millionaire. Shahrukh Khan came from humble beginnings. Zaheer came from a small town and due to his talent alone became India's leading bowler. A system which was fair gave birth to them. A system which has Democracy at the heart of it. Look at the context and then reply. I am not your average joe who sprouts nonsense.
December 10, 2012 6:17 am
Does this report include plight of Kashmiri pandits too.. It it doesn't then it should not be called Human rights.. it is about Kashmiri Muslim rights..
December 10, 2012 5:49 am
If there are human rights violations, we need to take action on those responsible. I think there were significant numbers in Kashmir in the last thirty years, but reduced to single digits in the last few years. That said, if there is one country in the region where such an action is actually taken, it is in India. Pakistan and China have a track record of only violating human rights with hardly any corrective measures. Wiping of minorities in Pakistan is a good example!
December 10, 2012 11:53 am
he actually is exaggerating himself ;)
December 10, 2012 4:40 am
same thing i am saying that human rights report is not implying that you give such comments for one an other. main theme of report is to embarrassing those individuals who are committed to sins. Hamid Shafique thumbs up.
December 9, 2012 8:03 am
what a surprise!
December 10, 2012 4:34 am
As an Indian I am ashamed, We need to live by our own standards, No power succeeded in appressing any community, we need to win Kashmiri people hearts and heal the wounds it is long processes which requires many sacrifices. Indians in particular criticizing pakistan for communal violence must understand Pakistan made a clear choice that it will be a Islamic country, Kashmiri people needs to properly represented in our democracy. It is time to withdraw our army and make peace
December 10, 2012 4:30 am
well. human rights report is talking about the huminity, not for the muslims or hindus, the individuals who are commenting here on the basis of muslim and hindu madhab, both are not aware of their own religions. both open their holy book and find any single line to kill each othe (muslim/hindu). Allah is great and only one, he is neither born nor borne by anyone. i am giving here a simple example of oneness to all people. if you create or make any thing as per your skills like a robot or automatic machine after comleting your all stages you demostrate your invention infront of some of your friends, then you start the demo and that invention start to deny that you are not my master, these all sitting jury or group of people are my masters. then what would you do? definately like robot film you discard your invention with in the couple of second. but Allah subhan wa Tallah is doing well very well. he is not puniishing for our sins etc etc. so all humans are made by Him so every human is dear to him 70 times then our mother. so plz snt kill any human. Laillah Illalah Muhammad Rasool Allah.
December 10, 2012 4:19 am
Most of them Migrated to India.
December 10, 2012 3:23 am
It would hold more water if such statements came from a country that has some legitimacy to say these things, from a country that is not on the bottom of the barrel itself. Until then , such statements are fluff, to be brushed aside, as laments of a lunatic fringe.
December 10, 2012 3:07 am
This article should be in humor section. he he. Nice
December 10, 2012 1:44 am
@Deepak what about the muslim percentage left in Gujrat
Mustafa Razavi
December 9, 2012 8:33 pm
This article can actually be called a smokescreen to cover India's real atrocities. Look up India's Armed Forces Special Powers ACT, AFSPA. In India the Armed Forces are simply above the law
December 10, 2012 12:23 am
Majority of hindus moved to India, just like Muslims moved to Pakistan.
December 10, 2012 12:28 am
Most international HR agencies r blind when Muslims r tortured or killed by others, and if this is other way round their eyes and mouth r wide open.
Dr Khan
December 9, 2012 11:35 pm
All the Indians reading this paper and alwaysjumping forward to comment against Pakistan should now hides their faces in shame! We all know that this has been going on for years but India is good at PR, they find fault with others to hide their own injustices against mankind!
December 9, 2012 11:27 pm
Are you suggesting that that justifies the above mentioned atrocities?
December 9, 2012 11:25 pm
December 10, 2012 10:36 am
Of course. The last refuge of the accused.
December 9, 2012 10:59 pm
The best way to solve the problem is Pakistan to mind its own business.
December 9, 2012 10:22 pm
Did you got the truth or not that's matter
December 9, 2012 10:19 pm
Only Indians can come up with weird statistics whic make them happy I have seen all kind of weird conspiracy theory by Indians on times of India. Can you substantiate your claim by any proof?
If You Cant Persuade, Deflect
December 9, 2012 9:18 pm
You are deflecting from the issue.... The article is about human right violations committed by Indian Government.... Please stick to the point and present any argument that you may have to confirm or deny the issues highlighted
December 9, 2012 9:14 pm
At the time of partition in 1947, Hindus constituted roughly 20% of the population of Pakistan but a vast majority of these Pakistani Hindus was based in East Pakistan which did not remain part of Pakistan after formation of Bangladesh in 1971. Get your facts straight sir. Pakistan became a 97% Muslim country after the civil war of 1971.
December 10, 2012 11:01 am
@Khan, Yes, only Pakistanis seem to know the "real" face of India. Millions of Tourists and Investors are fools and only people like you are smart. Satisfied?
December 10, 2012 11:05 am
OK, if everything is a farce then how have people like Shahrukh Khan and Zaheer Khan and Azim Premji(World's richest Businessman) succeeded? I just dropped 3 names, can you name 3 people who have excelled at their fields in Pakistan right now, who are non-Muslims?
December 9, 2012 4:26 pm
It's mentioned every day in this paper (and others), on television talk shows and there are ongoing suo moto actions taken up by the supreme court.
December 9, 2012 8:35 pm
Indian democracy is limited to the holding of elections regularly. Everything else is a farce. Without this facade of elections India would be totally un-governable.
December 9, 2012 8:40 pm
First, I thank Dawn for giving me an opportunity to ask this question, especially among all my fellow Muslim readers. What do Muslims really want? Pakistan was created with bloodshed as a hope for Muslims, now it is a disaster. None of the Islamic nations are doing well, their citizens want to run away to non Islamic nations and live amongst so called infidels. This applies even to economically well of Muslim nations like Saudi Arabia. Half of your population understands the Quran wrong, so to say and are brainwashed into becoming terrorists. Under such circumstances, is it meaningful to have a separate Islamic nation of Kashmir? Give this planet some chance to exist
December 9, 2012 8:18 pm
Then stop complaining and crying foul when it's flagged up in the international press.
December 10, 2012 11:57 am
Good point, but what about the horror created by the muslims on the Hindus and the Sikhs. They last everything including their homes and property in a state where they and their forefathers lived for generations?What about their human rights?
December 10, 2012 11:55 am
And where did your facts come from Mr.???
Hussnain naqvi
December 9, 2012 7:28 pm
I highly appreciate the way the report has been conducted but it will make no difference to International Media and to UN as well. Hoping for the best
December 9, 2012 6:02 pm
2 wrongs do not make 1 right.
hamid shafiq
December 9, 2012 4:59 pm
its good that dawn publish your views on the website but it not means you are strcit on point that pakistani govt and people are wrong and any thing happen in kashmir is ok. any thing wrong in pakistan or india or in bangladesh its wrong and as a person i condemned any thing wrong happen in balochistan or in akshmir.
December 9, 2012 7:13 pm
Mustafa Razavi
December 9, 2012 6:51 pm
Those Hindus who want to live as equals are still here. Those who wanted to be upper caste or economic parasites like Baniyas left for India.
December 9, 2012 6:43 pm
India will face its Waterloo , a day will come when the indian nation would be named and shamed for its behaviour with Kashmir
December 9, 2012 4:13 pm
the no. of hindu during 1947 were 22% of the population, In pakistan. now only 1.7% remained. where are they? They are either forcefully converted or killed. and you're talking about human right violation in india.
December 9, 2012 1:53 pm
well it already said China, Iran and Pakistan frequently accused for human violations but India has a "sacred cow" status in that list.
umair khan
December 9, 2012 4:03 pm
complete globe cant be covered in one article,its about kashmir .very right but no comparison between the two on one side approx 80,000 have been killed and on other side hardly no comparison between two matters of human rights violation.but balochistan is also condemable.
umair khan
December 9, 2012 3:56 pm
the easiest solution to the problem which mr nehru promised with the kashmiri people, to give them the right of self other solution can grant permenant solution to this unfortunate region.if india is committed to what she has done in past 6 decades then militants will keep infiltrating in ksahmir,incidents like mumbai will keep on happening and Pakistan and india will keep fighting wars with huge outlays for arm purchase and buying latest killing machines.perhaps it is the price which has to be paid for suppressing the legitimate voice of 10 million kashmiri Muslims who dont feel satisfied being part of secular cum ball thakray it is the decision lies with india,in which direction it desires to take the subcontinent.
umair khan
December 9, 2012 3:59 pm
but by any standard it does not justified killing of 80,000 kashmiries by indian armed forces...
umair khan
December 9, 2012 3:58 pm
give kashmiries right of self determination and then if such complains arise then its justified.
kaneez fatima
December 9, 2012 3:53 pm
Human rights violatioins should not find any excuse be it them or us, Mass graves, parents having lost their children, attrocities with in custody , rapes where ever grave in number reported by independent media and human rights groups should be enough to make a sensitive soul react !!! Question is has there been any workable solution to the crises that have been offered. Answer is NO, years and decades people are still suffering, Armed struggle has not succeeded . Please offer something different . Answer lies in opening doors and hearts letting a wind of change blow in so that strain diffused help us out of this crises
December 9, 2012 3:27 pm
A democracy which has killed 70,000 of its own citizens for demanding their right of self determination? Nice. I thought democracy was better.
December 9, 2012 3:22 pm
Welcome for a showdown of comments from India and Pakistan.
December 9, 2012 5:34 pm
For every pakistanis knowledge. In 1947 Hindu population was 25% now hardly 2%.. So 80K or 88oK is nothing. India needs to get rid of all the muslims from its land ASAP.
December 9, 2012 3:07 pm
We are not comparing nations here full stop.
December 9, 2012 3:06 pm
Ooh mama Dawn has again touched the raw nerve of Indians and show the real face which they tried to hide under Bollywood, secular and democracy in reality it's the most communal country with worst caste system in the world. Just google communal riots and then you find India tops the list with on the worst riots during this century.
December 9, 2012 5:25 pm
your exaggerating the figures.
December 9, 2012 2:22 pm
Will Pakistan allow parties to look into the "terror" in your country like India has?Open your records to them like India has?
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