WASHINGTON: The James Webb Space Telescope completed its two-week-long deployment phase on Saturday, unfolding the final mirror panel as it readies to study every phase of cosmic history.
Engineering teams cheered back at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, as NASA announced on Twitter that the final wing was deployed.
“I’m emotional about it — what an amazing milestone,” Thomas Zurbuchen, a senior NASA engineer, said during the live video feed as stargazers worldwide celebrated.
Because the telescope was too large to fit into a rocket’s nose cone in its operational configuration, it was transported folded-up.
Unfurling has been a complex and challenging task — the most daunting such project ever attempted, according to NASA.
“We’ve still got work to do,” NASA said as the wing was latched into place. “When the final latch is secure, NASA Webb will be fully unfolded in space.”
The most powerful space telescope ever built and the successor to Hubble, Webb blasted off in an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana on December 25, and is heading to its orbital point, about 1.5 million kilometres from Earth.
Though Webb will reach its space destination, known as the second Lagrange point, in a matter of weeks, it still has around another five and a half months of setup to go.
Next steps include aligning the telescope’s optics, and calibrating its scientific instruments.
Its infrared technology will allow it to see the first stars and galaxies formed 13.5 billion years ago, giving astronomers new insight into the earliest epoch of the Universe.
Published in Dawn, January 9th, 2022