PRISTINA: A public building in Kosovo was set on fire and another was hit by grenades that did not explode in what government officials described on Saturday as criminal acts related to ethnic Serbs protesting a symbolic move on license plates.

Serbian media quoted the head of the Zubin Potok fire department, Sasa Bozovic, as saying a fire that broke out overnight at the town’s municipal building engulfed two offices.

The Kosovo Interior Ministry said the blaze burned down a vehicle registration office. It was done by suspects in a criminal act with terrorist elements, Interior Minister Xhelal Svecla wrote on Facebook.

Ethnic Kosovo Serbs have blocked the Kosovo-Serbia border with trucks since Monday, angry that Kosovo sent in special police to match Serbia in a licence plate move that heightens tensions in the Balkans. Kosovo now removes licence plates from cars entering the country from Serbia, as Serbia does with Kosovo plates. They both force drivers to buy temporary plates.

Serbia doesn’t recognise its former province of Kosovo as a separate nation and considers their mutual border only as a temporary boundary.

In Zvecan, a town 10 miles away, two hand grenades were thrown into a public office but did not explode, said Prime Minister Albin Kurti, who was convening a meeting Saturday of the country’s National Security Council.

Kurti accused Serbia’s government of inciting and supporting such behavior and exploiting Kosovo citizens to provoke a serious international conflict.

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic has described Kosovo’s recent licence plate move as a criminal action, and he made the withdrawal of all Kosovar special police a condition of European Union-mediated negotiations to resolve the dispute.

But after the grenades and the fire, Kosovo’s government did not sound ready to pull the special police back.

These criminal acts best show what would have occurred with the border crossings in Jarinje and Brnjak unless special forces were sent there to guarantee public order and security, Svecla wrote.

The European Union and the United States have urged Kosovo and Serbia to immediately exercise restraint and refrain from unilateral actions.

Kosovo President Vjosa Osmani called on the international community not to ignore what is clearly seen a Russian-Serbian tendency to damage the European Union and Nato” by increasing tensions in the Balkans.

It is time that the international community, and first of all the EU and Nato member countries, see such a danger and prevent the Vucic regime from realizing its goal of creating the Serb world,’ she wrote in Facebook, while in New York at the UN General Assembly.

A bloody 1998-1999 crackdown by Serbian troops against Kosovo Albanian separatists ended after Nato intervention, and Kosovo declared independence in 2008. It has been recognized by the US and other Western nations, but not by Serbia and allies Russia and China.

Thousands of Nato-led peacekeepers, including US troops, are still deployed in Kosovo, trying to stave off lingering ethnic tensions between majority Kosovo Albanians and minority Kosovo Serbs.

Published in Dawn, September 26th, 2021

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