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US report acknowledges Pakistan’s counter-WMD measures

Updated Jun 06, 2016 08:00am

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WASHINGTON: Pakistan continues to work towards harmonising its control mechanism for weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems with the standards set by the Nuclear Suppliers Group, says an official US report.

“Overall, Pakistan was a committed partner that undertook great efforts to build its export control capabilities,” said the report the US State Department sent to Congress this week.

“Pakistan is a constructive and active participant in the Nuclear Security Summit process and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, and has worked to strengthen its strategic trade controls, including updating its national export control list,” the report added.

In its annual assessment of terrorist activities in 2015, the State Department reported that the Taliban replaced the Islamic State group as the number-one global perpetrator for terrorism attacks, with 1,093, which represents an alarming increase of 69 per cent since 2013.

The study, sent to Congress this week, also reported an overall decrease in global terrorism, from 13,463 attacks in 2014 to 11,774 in 2015. Total fatalities also decreased from 32,727 to 28,328.

In the context of threat of terrorism arising from trafficking of items that contribute to WMDs, the report noted that Pakistan had taken several positive steps to enhance its security measures.

To combat the trafficking of items that could contribute to WMDs and their delivery systems, “Pakistan continued to work towards harmonising its national control list with items controlled by the Nuclear Suppliers Group, Missile Technology Control Regime, and Australia Group”, the State Department reported.

Pakistan also took other positive measures such as adding “catch-all provisions” to its export licensing procedures, the report added.

Along with list development, Pakistan developed industry internal compliance guidelines and an industry outreach programme for strategic technology sectors, which regularly shares information with these industries.

“The US government seeks to partner more closely with Pakistan on a further enhanced outreach campaign for industry to fully understand and implement Pakistan’s export control requirements,” the State Department said.

The US government also wished to begin a dialogue on controls on conventional weapons and related dual-use technologies, the report added.

The reported noted that in addition to industry outreach, Pakistan also participated, developed, and delivered a series of technical training to responsible government licensing and enforcement officials. The training enabled the officials to conduct a proper identification of dual-use commodities that could be used to create WMDs and/or their delivery systems.

In its global assessment, the State Department also reported a slight decline in the number of countries where attacks took place, from 95 to 92.

More than half of all attacks took place in five countries: Iraq, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, and Nigeria. Three-quarters of all fatalities were also reported from five countries: Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria.

Meanwhile, the Islamic State replaced the Boko Haram as being responsible for the most fatalities, having killed 6,050 people in 2015, versus 5,450 for the Nigerian-based group.

The Somali group al-Shabaab was removed from the top-five list of perpetrators, although it was responsible for the third-most attacks in 2014. The new addition to the 2015 list was the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has re-committed to the use of political violence in a significant way, increasing the number of attacks from 47 to 38 and non-combatants killed from 12 to 287.

Published in Dawn, June 6th, 2016

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Comments (36) Closed



Nadeem Jun 06, 2016 08:10am

Thus silencing all kinds of propaganda against Pakistan's nukes...#technologyforpeace

Amir Khan Jun 06, 2016 09:02am

What about the killings of over 5000 civilians in drone Attacks? What category will that go into it?

NDA Jun 06, 2016 09:18am

Pakistan is a commited and responsible member of international community. It deserves and will get NSG memmebrship as of other regualtory regimes. India should stop being a spoiler .

Faraz Jun 06, 2016 09:43am

Pakistan should not worry about trying to earn back pats from US or any other country. Nuclear technology and weapons are our need given the war hysteria being thrust upon us aND like any nation Pakistan should secure it's own interests.

Aslam shaikh Jun 06, 2016 10:14am

This politically convenient report cools down Pakistan and provides some browny points for US at the negotiation table with Modi for MTCR deal to finalize. Indians understand all such tactics

truth Jun 06, 2016 10:40am

It is unavoidable from being Pakistan a member of NSG although sometimes US opposed Pakistan.US concerns over India's economic growth because a strong economy can't be puppeted.US had always tried to be suitable for both the South Asian rivals.

PAKISTAN FIRST Jun 06, 2016 10:51am

now wait till there are comments from my neighbors who are concerned over Pakistani security .............to them statics show that 80% decline has happened in Pakistan over past 2 years and Pakistani nuclear security is better than Indian's....all the facts mentioned above are on the record

Naveed Jun 06, 2016 11:36am

This is a very good insight and this will be a wise decision by NSG and US in particular to engage closely.

N.S Jun 06, 2016 11:49am

'US acknowledges Pakistan's constructive and active participant in the Nuclear Security Summit process and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, and has worked to strengthen its strategic trade controls'.

At the same time US is not supporting Pakistan entry into NSG, a bit ironic and reeks of double standards here. Pakistan will be left with no choice to count on their Iron brother China.

Ahmed Ali Jun 06, 2016 12:11pm

Good going - nice to see Pakistan's efforts getting recognized at some level. Otherwise, generally what US says is dictated by its own strategic, defense and economic objectives.

CALCUTTA MAN Jun 06, 2016 12:13pm

@N.S

I can't help marveling at this "iron brother China" refrain from reader after reader in these columns for every little thing. Soon we'll see Pakistani fans demanding a Chinese coach for their cricket team. Don't laugh...the day is not too far off.

Sachin Jun 06, 2016 12:21pm

@N.S This is because India never try to sell the technology illegally to North Korea and Iran like Pakistan.

"That could give Pakistan, which at one time provided nuclear technology to North Korea and Iran, new incentives to misbehave," the NYT said.

Nasser Jun 06, 2016 01:06pm

@Sachin wise takes lessons from the past...which Pakistan has done. Fools remain obsessive with the past to destry the present which we are doing.

xmaestro Jun 06, 2016 01:25pm

@N.S In the long run, China has done us more harm then good. We have not been able to produce anything on our own because china makes it cheaper. Their export policy reduces the shipping cost for almost everything. We have lost our industry to Chinese. One big example is our Steel mills. We look up to 'mother china' for everything.

de Jun 06, 2016 03:01pm

There were more than 2500 violations in nuclear activities recorded across the globe in last 4rth nuclear summit under IAEA but there was not a single one from Pakistan. while india have recorded violations discussed by IAEA like theft of uranium, leaking of radioactive material, fire causing meltdown and so on.

zauq Jun 06, 2016 03:02pm

@CALCUTTA MAN Its other way around. It is china which is having Pakistani coach, like india which exploiting wasim akram's skills to produce fast bowler in protein defficient india.

Sk Jun 06, 2016 03:15pm

Switzerland supports India's NSG membership. One more hurdle down. Well done Modi.

Ismail Jun 06, 2016 03:19pm

Very strange! India who started nuclear proliferation in the sub-continent region is now advocating peaceful use and contrary to its willingness continuously piling up its nuclear weapon stock.

I can also understand the economic urge of US and allies who don’t want peace and harmony in the region rather than promoting more weapons to the so called big democracy. The democracy who deny the human rights to minorities in its own land and also not granting the plebiscite right to people of Jummu & Kashmir given by UN.

How come responsible nations can grant membership to sell/buy this technology to such a state that had dark past and continually misleading others?

KUNAL MAJUMDAR Jun 06, 2016 03:26pm

@zauq FYI: Wasim Akram coaches IPL Team KKR and not India. For which he's paid handsomely in Indian Rupees to sustain his living as a Pakistani legend. Got the drift?

Afghani Jun 06, 2016 04:11pm

Pakistan being a very responsible and upright country deserves to be included in NSG. We Afghanis fully support it. Good luck Pakistan.

Cavalier Jun 06, 2016 04:12pm

@PAKISTAN FIRST sir well said. Infact, you nailed it. "Neighbours" epic.

Rohit Mumbai Jun 06, 2016 04:45pm

@zauq Akram was just earning his 2 square meals..something he cant do in a country where no team wants to visit

tahir Jun 06, 2016 05:13pm

@Afghani Thank you my Afghan brother.

refreshing to see a nice comment from an Afghan about Pakistan.

Adil Jadoon Jun 06, 2016 05:20pm

@Amir Khan State terrorism.

Ady Jun 06, 2016 05:26pm

@Rohit Mumbai Pakistan soon will have all international games in Home, so just relax !,

Ady Jun 06, 2016 05:28pm

Good sign, hope to get proper membership very soon, India better look after chahbahar port,

Truth Jun 06, 2016 05:34pm

@Rohit Mumbai I hope you are aware of the fact that millions die with hunger in India.

Well Meaning Muhammed Jun 06, 2016 06:43pm

threat to nukes in pakistan is maximum in the world , if the terrorists cant make a bomb themselves ,easiest is to steal , no two guesses from where

Abdulla Hussain Jun 06, 2016 07:04pm

Monday you like, Tuesday you dislike, we are use to it, does not matter much. Since its independence Pakistan has always proved its worth as a peaceful & powerful country of the world. NSG membership can be delayed to some extent but cannot be denied. Pakistan has always participated in UN sponsored peace keeping & has given the greatest sacrifices for the cause of international peace, the world should overwhelmingly acknowledge this fact.

Sachin Jun 06, 2016 07:33pm

let us wait for US reaction to Pakistan's application for NSG membership on 9th of this month.

Zak Jun 06, 2016 07:46pm

Pakistan sets the standards and leads in South Asia. First country to hold courses and training on the subject. Proud of Pakistan.

Sachin Jun 07, 2016 03:07am

@Abdulla Hussain : your state is publicly considered as Migraine to the World by then Secretary of state foreign Affairs of US, Mrs. Albright. It is also considered as one of the most dangerous Nuke power state next to North Korea.

Kashmiri Nationalist Jun 07, 2016 05:51am

Which country actually used nukes on another country? Which country lied about WMDs in Iraq which country remains silent while genocides go on including Palestine and Kashmir? Pakistan needs no stamp of their approval

TRON Jun 07, 2016 08:14am

Iraq was destroyed for suspected WMD.

Zak Jun 07, 2016 08:56am

@Ismail excellent elaborated.

Turkmenistan ZINDABAD! Jun 07, 2016 09:51pm

@Nasser :"The past" is called History -a subject taught in every school and university worldwide. Interestingly, many people learn emotionally and miss the facts of the past and fail to use logic!