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Pakistan wants UNSC reform to reflect ‘aspirations of all’

Published May 04, 2016 06:07am

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UNITED NATIONS: Pakistan said on Monday that reform of the 15-member UN Security Council should only be based on democratic principles underscoring the objective of expansion should be to respond to concerns and “aspirations of all, not just a few”.

Speaking in inter-government negotiations Pakistan’s Ambassador Maleeha Lodhi exposed the poor logic of India and its allies saying that the G4 formula of adding more permanent seats reflected the self-serving national ambition of a few at the expense of the world body’s wider membership.

“To propose allocation of 4-6 seats permanently to that many countries, while handing over only 4-5 seats to the rest of the membership is not only poor mathematics but also poor logic, and even poorer rationale for a just and meaningful reform,” she declared.

Opposing the proposal that sought expansion in permanent membership, Pakistan’s envoy argued that this ran contrary to principles that all member states agree to – to make the council “more representative, democratic, accountable, transparent and effective”.

Ms Lodhi said that the principle of sovereign equality of states demands equal opportunity for all states to seek membership of the council. Only additional electable seats, on the basis of periodic elections and fixed rotation, would allow equal, fair and increased opportunity for all states to aspire for Security Council’s membership.

She argued that the concept of “representation” would be hollow without accountability to those who were being represented.

Making the case for adding more non-permanent, electable seats, Ms Lodhi said that this “would also allow larger regions, such as Asia and Africa, to accommodate cross-regional and political groups, including the OIC, the Arab League, Asean, and SIDS”.

Published in Dawn, May 4th, 2016

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Comments (29) Closed



M. Emad May 04, 2016 06:22am

India should be a permanent member of the UN Security Council (UNSC).

Desi Dimag May 04, 2016 06:36am

India is on the way to get the permanent seat in UN. Only a single voice of Asia is not enough.

Sachin May 04, 2016 06:39am

UNSC will take a balanced decision considering all facts and independent verification

AHA May 04, 2016 06:49am

That means India is getting permanent seat

Ravi chauhan May 04, 2016 07:03am

Dont just oppose for sake of opposing.... India is a country with 1.2 billion ppl...thats a huge chunk of humanity....they should have say in international affairs.....India will be third or fourth largest economy in the next decade... it will have deep impact on international economy...India will b having a formidable defence force in future, probably third strongest in coming decade....its one of the technological powerhouse of the world...

If you can digest these realities.... you will start finding reasons why India should be a permanent member of UNSC.

DKM May 04, 2016 07:17am

You can do whatever, however and as much as you wish........ You still will not be able to stop the elevation to the club of India......

Ravi chauhan May 04, 2016 07:21am

Look at the world today.....its in total mess....bloodshed..hunger...hate...mistrust among major powers.... UNSC is not functioning for betterment of humanity.... they are working for self interest.... its not accountable and transparent.... if more permanent members are added it will be more effective and transparent and accountable.

As far as pakistan is concerned...if they attain a strature in future to be a worthy of permanent seat India should support them....and even if it doesnt support.... PAKISTAN will make it to UNSC on merits. If at this stage pakistan supports India ... it will be biggest CBM to bridge mistrust.Here is a chance for pakistan to win Indian people for ever.

Rohit May 04, 2016 07:42am

India will eventually make it to UNSC as it has support of four out of five members. Only exception is China. How long can it hold out?? Just a matter of time..

loksam May 04, 2016 07:47am

dear pakistanis please understand that the present day structure of the U.N is based on the events after the world war 2 .today's permanent members are all the Victoria's nations who defeated the axis powers at that time.now about the g4 countries .you people agree or not Every country in the g4 are influential bodies in today's world order.it's just a matter of time these countries will be a permanent members of the council.

Deepak Kumar May 04, 2016 07:52am

Brace yourself.. India is coming

Zulfikr Ali Khan(ZAK) May 04, 2016 07:56am

Why not make all members security council members.

NORI May 04, 2016 08:10am

Pakistan is going against Japan, Germany and Brazil in its quest to oppose India. Quota for OIC and Ara league, but not for SAARC,

Zak May 04, 2016 09:05am

Pakistan should be elected as UNSC permanent member to represent and defend interests of Islamic Nations, OIC should put a united front and demand this in UN.

Bala korea May 04, 2016 09:27am

it is time to update united nation 's permanent members in order to reflect world's view in the council and to axe the kingly act of "big five"

Xyz May 04, 2016 09:32am

India can't be ignored Ms Lodhi no matter what criteria is adopted.

Peace May 04, 2016 09:33am

Both countries should stop working against each other. If not this will harm both the countries.In the end economically, militarily and diplomatically stronger country will win. Everyone knows who is that. So please start supporting each other.

Chirag May 04, 2016 09:52am

@sachin- it's UNGA not UNSC to take decision on this.

Also, their is a good chance for India, Germany, and Japan to get a Permanent Seat at UNSC, though it would be interesting to see how different countries try to lobby and influence the world community in getting a membership and those against the aspirants, how well they utilies their influence in blocking their bid.

a May 04, 2016 09:55am

India is well on way to becoming a veto holding permanent memberst the UN, come what may ! Its a huge travesty of justice that while China was made a permanent member, India wasn't. A country with nearly one fifth of the worlds humanity needs a permanent voice.

arti wadhawan May 04, 2016 10:16am

As if the UN WOULD LISTEN!

Maverick May 04, 2016 10:23am

That's a very poor argument on her part.

Chirag May 04, 2016 10:51am

@Sachin - It's UNGA who's looking at it, not UNSC. And it's really interesting to see how things would end up.

Salahuddin May 04, 2016 11:26am

Good job!!Madam lodhi. Lets hope an extensive lobbying is also being carried out at UN besides diplomatic efforts to take on board OIC in this regard.

Bilal May 04, 2016 11:55am

Sachin I wonder what makes you say that?"independent verification"? UNSC "should take" the right decision. "Will take" implies that you already know decision & agree. UNSC is an extension of the interest of its members, some of which are quite petty interests. It's already skewed towards some states exerting too much influence on world affairs of other sovereign states - which is unacceptable. The present formula (permanent / veto power) & any extension of it will further destabilize global politics (its in mess today with powerful states running amok -there's no regard for international law or respect for sovereignty from US to Russia). By extending the permanent club, UNSC makes it exclusive NOT inclusive. This will further entrench the principle that while all states are equal, some are more equal than others. It goes against democratic principles, sovereignty & equality and internationally acceptable norms to have a better & peaceful world. Lets see how "balanced" UNSC is.

rehan May 04, 2016 12:17pm

It would be very surprising indeed if India can come anywhere close to UNSC permanent membership. Considering how a serving RAW agent has only recently been caught showed that Indian Government was supporting the subversive activities inside another country and this alone really is more than enough to not even consider Indian for a UNSC member.

Desi Dimag May 04, 2016 12:59pm

@rehan Pakistan needs you as a think tank.

rahul1 May 04, 2016 02:11pm

@Salahuddin Hopelessly hopeful of OIC in UN

Afzal May 04, 2016 02:17pm

@Maverick
You really do not seem to have any useful alternative idea, hence your refusal to appreciate what she has suggested.

Chirag May 04, 2016 03:40pm

@afzal - the best alternative idea is to include 5 more permanent members which can be India(only pakistan rejects), Germany(or EU, Italy rejects), Japan(China and many more rejects) African Union(Haven't shown concrete desire), Brazil(Argentina, Uruguay, Colomibia, Mexico among others are the main dissidents among others) The other alternative is to remove the power of veto which no existing permanent member would agree to, and the last one is give these new 5 permanent members no veto, which is again difficult.

Fahad May 05, 2016 02:27am

India wants Pakistans support? India can start with a plebiscite in Kashmir. UNSC seat support from Pakistan will only come after Kashmir issue is resolved.