Sectarian violence increased in 2013, says report

Published January 6, 2014
According to the report, the rise in sectarian violence started in 2011 and continued through the subsequent years. 
 — File Photo
According to the report, the rise in sectarian violence started in 2011 and continued through the subsequent years. — File Photo

ISLAMABAD: The number of incidents related to sectarian violence is continuously increasing in the country. Moreover, suicide attacks are also being used during sectarian clashes, and have resulted in the death of numerous people across the country.

This was revealed in the ‘Pakistan Security Report 2013’ launched by Pak Institute for Peace Studies (Pips) on Sunday. Pips is a think-tank based in Islamabad which is engaged in research to understand ongoing conflicts such as militancy, extremism, radicalisation and insurgency.

According to the report, the rise in sectarian violence started in 2011 and continued through the subsequent years.

The report maintained that there had been 208 incidents of sectarian-related terrorist attacks in the country in which 658 people were killed and 1,195 injured.

The table provides a province-wise breakdown of these attacks.

Furthermore, the number of suicide attacks across the country also rose by 39 per cent as 46 suicide attacks were reported in 2013 compared to 33 in 2012.

Of these, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) witnessed 18 suicide attacks in 2013 while 12 attacks occurred in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Furthermore, nine suicide attacks occurred in Balochistan, five in Sindh and one each in Rawalpindi and Azad Kashmir.

The report claimed that nine suicide attacks in 2013 were related to sectarian clashes and were mainly carried out by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi.

One of the suicide blasts was carried out by nationalist insurgents and another two attacks were carried out during inter-militant clashes.

The security report has also endorsed the establishment of the Cabinet Committee on National Security (CCNS), and has recommended expansion of its role. It stated that the committee’s role should be shifted from that of a consultative decision-making body to implementing the National Security Initiatives (NSIs).

When contacted, Member Pakistan Ex-Servicemen Association Brig. (retired) Masud-ul-Hassan told Dawn that there were ‘foreign elements’ behind these sectarian killings.

“CIA has been providing funds to various sectarian groups to create unrest in the country.

“Once a civil war ensues, USA will force Pakistan to handover its nuclear assets,” he alleged.

“USA also wants to stop westward expansion of Chinese influence, and for that, it is using India. Earlier in the 70s and 80s, US used to support Pakistan to resolve the issue of Kashmir, but now it is suggesting that Pakistan should simply give up the issue,” he said.

While responding to a question, Mr Hassan said it was not easy to resolve the issue of sectarianism.

“The fate of the country is now in the hands of the nation. People should understand that Pakistan can only develop if there is peace and unity among its citizens who belong to various schools of thoughts,” he said.

Sectarian-related terrorist attacks in 2013

Province Number of Killed Injured

attacks         

Balochistan 33 278 499

Sindh 132 215 319

Punjab 17 32 29

KP/FATA 26 133 348

Total 208 658 1,195

Opinion

The curse of irrelevance
24 Jul 2021

The curse of irrelevance

Fear, in essence, is a powerful de-motivator for those who believe their success lies in lazy public validation...
Good & bad Muslims
Updated 24 Jul 2021

Good & bad Muslims

It is essential to interrogate the wider epidemic of violence.
The Afghan stalemate
Updated 21 Jul 2021

The Afghan stalemate

The Taliban cannot think of ruling Afghanistan without international legitimacy.

Editorial

Cyberattack on rights
Updated 24 Jul 2021

Cyberattack on rights

A COLLABORATIVE investigation into a data leak of software sold by the Israeli surveillance company NSO Group has ...
24 Jul 2021

Sleeper cells

THERE was a time not too long ago when militant groups had unleashed a reign of terror in Pakistan, resulting in...
24 Jul 2021

Prisoners’ return

THE families of 62 Pakistani prisoners who had been imprisoned in Saudi Arabia had reason to rejoice this Eid as...
India’s admission
Updated 24 Jul 2021

India’s admission

It was no secret that India had been manoeuvring behind the scenes to ensure that Pakistan remained on the grey list.
EU headscarf ban
Updated 23 Jul 2021

EU headscarf ban

Moves by the EU to curtail the religious freedoms of Muslims and others in the bloc need to be reviewed.
Disposal of offal
Updated 22 Jul 2021

Disposal of offal

The least people can do is to make an effort and dump entrails in designated areas.