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Bullet brains not bullet trains


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enter image description hereWith the upcoming elections just around the corner, each party is busy coming up with catchy phrases and tempting slogans, adding alluring schemes to their manifestos; some of which are ambiguous, incoherent and aloof to the ground realities. One such example is the “bullet train” promise made by PML-N leader Mian Nawaz Sharif. If we look at Pakistan’s economic hurdles, this program can best be described as an alluring dream … an alluring dream for the voters of a country where the railways system constructed by the British has completely fallen apart and PIA is sinking under continuous deficits. In my opinion, where domestic terrorism and illiteracy needs to be top priority, this seductive proposal is just an attempt to pull the wool over the people’s eyes.

The USA which happens to be the world’s current economic leader and a super power, has been devising a program to connect Washington DC, Philadelphia, New York and Boston with a bullet train for many decades as this area is the spine of the US economy. This 450 miles bullet train has an estimated cost of $151 billion and the American government, despite many years of debate, is not willing to undersign the spending of billions of tax payer dollars on this project. But perhaps in the delusional minds of those who support this idea, the economy of Pakistan is doing so well that undertaking this project is both possible and wise and is the final step in Pakistan’s economic triumph over the US! Most likely in the next elections, these people will also promise you about finding a way to use water as fuel for this train, which will be a much needed breakthrough in our energy crisis!

It was on the suggestion of these delusional advisers that a few months back Mian Shabaz Sharif undertook the “laptop” scheme and spent the entire education fund on distributing laptops! In a province where 9 million kids do not have access to primary education, 125, 000 laptops were distributed from the provincial education fund. I personally requested the PMLN leadership, to award these laptops to colleges and universities, instead of individuals and create digital libraries with access to syllabus books and supplementary educational resources. This would be a national asset, beneficial not only to our current students but also the future generations. However, it seemed that the project’s prime focus wasn’t to finish the digital divide but to gain political mileage through the laptop distribution ceremony.

The previous provincial government under Shahbaz Sharif has accomplished a lot in the field of education. One milestone achieved during his term was the creation of IT labs in 4, 286 schools and under this program 15 computers were provided to each school, amounting to 64, 290 computers in total. However, upon visiting these IT Labs, I discovered that while the schools did have 15 computers each, these computers are not equipped with any educational software besides Microsoft Office. I requested the chief minister to acquire educational software for these laptops as without them, the entire purpose of providing these computers fails! A prestigious university in Lahore agreed to create a software in accordance with the Pakistani syllabi so that the student could learn through audio/video animations. This software would not only help students understand complex scientific and mathematical concepts but would also help in making up for the deficiency of trained teachers in Punjab. However, my suggestion was lost somewhere in the bureaucracy and red-tape procedures and today 64, 290 computers mock our educational efforts!

Pakistan is facing the biggest challenge since its creation. Both domestic and international terrorist organisations have found a safe haven in the rigid topography of KPK and Balochistan. The young and illiterate masses of Pakistan are an easy breeding ground for these evil forces; immature minds have been transformed into extremists, ready to explode themselves on command. Over 40, 000 innocent lives have been claimed by these terrorists and they have succeeded in doing so because of illiteracy.

Today we need bullet brains instead of bullet trains, and must educate the masses in order to overcome the growing extremism. Every Pakistani should at least have access up to middle school and technical education should be promoted to pave the way for economic progress. In 20 years Pakistan’s population would be 250 million; Investing in education will not only utilise the available manpower but these educated bullet brains will devise ways for optimal utilisation of available resources and pave the way for development! God willing, one day a bullet train might be vital to support the growing economy, but right now we need to focus on the issues at hand, and produce bullet brains that will overcome our challenges and create the economic activity that may lead us in that direction.

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Agha Adeel is a business intelligence consultant based in Washington DC. He has been advocating the reformation of Pakistani politics through his writings and political activism. He can be reached at

———————————————————————————————————————————————— The views expressed by this blogger and in the following reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Dawn Media Group.

Author Image
Agha Adeel is a business intelligence consultant based in Washington DC. He has been advocating the reformation of Pakistani politics through his writings and political activism. He can be reached at

The views expressed by this writer and commenters below do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Dawn Media Group.

Comments (90) Closed

Sumant Bhalla May 08, 2013 04:16pm

Pakistan needs a million more voices with this same message.

Abdul Hadi May 08, 2013 08:25pm

Thinking big and out of box is job of leaders with vision. I am not saying these political slogans are real but at least we should not stop dreaming. In US its all about politics that has so far stopped construction of high speed rain network Remember auto industry in strong enough to lobby congress not to approve such train plan.

Usm May 09, 2013 10:09am

Destiny of the Pakistan is to be decided in the next 60 hours, voters of every party are charged with zeal and zest to make their contestants win this electoral race 2013. The blame game is crafting the election mood more dramatic and giving momentum to capricious results of this election. Being a Pakistani our first and foremost obligation is to save Pakistan (Pakistan Comes First), no second thought to this fact. Every common people have witnessed and suffered to give a mandate to a Pakistan peoples party, but welcoming and inviting them again for the next 5 years would yield to a devastating country, no one can imagine and visualize the country after next 5 years if the previous govt.continues. There is a likelihood and bright chances that ppp govt.would again be successful to make a central govt in Pakistan, if other leading parties would not come up with the political maturity, (Like PML (N), and PTI). The supporters of PTI are unaware of the fact and have a false panorama drummed into their mind that PTI would be sweeping this election, and the fact is far away from the reality. There is a strong coalition of PPP,MQM,ANP, and PML(Q), where is PTI and PML(N) do not have any strong partners with them, so what do you perceive? A big question arises here.!!!!!, Neither PML (N) can sweep this election, because PML (N) votes are clearly divided among PTI, and the benefit would be earned by PPP. There are few ways, to save the country rather than saving any party or vision, we shall save Pakistan first. Believe me if people are not going to realize whats happening and what would be the outcomes of contemporary practice and clash of PTI and PML (N), it would lead to a completely failed state. Either PML(N) or PTI should make a coalition, or if they are unwilling then I deem it wise to give vote to PML(N) this time to save pakistan only, because the only party who can have at least some majority comparing ppp alliance, is PML(N) and saving Pakistan is top priority rather than saving any vision, or party.

Syed Ahmed May 09, 2013 10:17pm

Very right, this is what Pakistan needs. I wish the politians start thinking and behaving like leaders and not politians only.

shabbzz May 09, 2013 06:00am
Its all about giving priority. A very sane voice said that in a house the head of the house gives first priority to child's education, food and good health care. Then he thinks about the car and other luxuries !!! So its all about priority
Fuzail Z. Ahmad May 09, 2013 06:28am
Pak economic scenario is bleak, and nothing but a "shock therapy" will work. A few high risk mega initiatives in power generation and transportation could serve the purpose. I ain't going to vote for PML N, but like PPP, some of PML N's mega projects are indeed defined new standards. Even Lahori metro bus project could serve as a new standard. People do spend a major portion of their incomes on commuting to the work places alone.
Zeeshan Shamsi May 09, 2013 05:04am
And the "people" should also wonder that it takes electricity to run the high speed trains.
Fatima May 09, 2013 05:06am
100% agree with author; for God's sake our people don't have basic facilities to live, idea of bullet train is a day dream.
chump May 09, 2013 06:38pm
Pakistan already has ''Baut-late trains'', which are on the way to BE LATE trains.
hitesh May 09, 2013 04:28am
Congratulations ! Very intelligent and concerned analysis with the same quality of comments ! We need to understand and foster the feeling of republic-ism and democracy in people. Ours is not monarchy where everything need to be spend on the King and Capital so image of our Kingdom could be boosted.
Irrfaan Akhtaar May 08, 2013 10:24pm
I doubt average pakistani understand what bullet train stands for?
Azhar May 09, 2013 03:47am
Excellent !! May the politicians also read and understand..
chump May 09, 2013 06:49pm
This election- Bullet train , next election Electricity to run the train. next to next election-free tickets of bullet train.
Mahmood Ahmad May 09, 2013 06:19am
Good article. Bullet train, the idea is so much out of line with economic realities of Pakistan. N group needs to be told that there nothing to brag about even for motorways and ring roads, our consumer with low income cannot pay for these expensive projects not to mention large amount O&M cost needed to maintain them. Being a frequent traveler on these roads, motor way hardly generates any traffic and economic activity to brand it as main economic corridor. In comparison, Islamabad express motor way, Karachi to Hyderabad and beyond and GT road are always bumper to bumper with so much flow of economic goods clearly indicates the economic worth. So please dont promise nations misguided investments?
Manish Gupte, PhD (@ManishMGupte) May 08, 2013 11:14pm
Common sense! Micro-finance is a better idea. Enabling small businesses. Work and trade create wealth.
M.Rizwan Shehzad May 09, 2013 01:49am
brother immad, kindly take a visit towards northern punjab as well, and other provinces of this country then i am sure you will change your mind regarding Punjab Gov
Rahil May 08, 2013 09:17am
Somebody tell that to Khadim-e-Aaala!
karenmcfly May 08, 2013 09:19am
agree with everything said, but the infrastructure also badly needs to be improved. The economy can't grow if people are forever stuck in traffic and can't get to places.
WhatYouSaying May 08, 2013 09:27am
Not in Pakistan but across the border in India bullet train is possible and feasibility studies are being done for the same.
Khalil May 08, 2013 09:32am
The nation has been slowly brainwashed into religiosity. The day the people put national interests first instead of their religion, a positive transformation will emerge. Education should come top most in Pakistan's shopping list. Education in the true sense and not education based on the old rote system. Learning should be encouraged from first principles for the sake of learning and being of a creative mind, not merely to show off the qualifications.
kanak May 08, 2013 09:34am
In India, studies for bullet trains are being carried for three busy sectors with the Japanese who have funded metro rail systems in India as well in a big way. But bullet trains won't work in India as the fares will be very high and even higher than air fares as one can see in Europe and Japan while in China they are being hugely subsidised along with heavy free investments running to tens if billions of dollars by the government.Pakistan should run trains at 140-160 kms. per hour with the existing systems like India.
kamran May 08, 2013 09:36am
you are probably the same writer who wrote against Pakistan motorway plans and thought it as too costly or impossible. Now we have them and also expanding them. Economy rises to match a country's effort to develop itself. Plus it will enhance everything from business to tourism as it also changes the perception of Pakistan in the eyes of investors, therefore paying itself in the long term. Secondly who says bullet train has to be built with government spending. WE will and should seek private investors as the norm in the rest of the world. The middle class will pay the cost overtime by buying tickets. many Pakistanis are not that poor, look at the cars and so on etc.
Ali May 08, 2013 09:46am
Sharif brothers are always after the short term things that can build their reputation and name. For this they are eager to forgo long term prosperity and greater good of Pakistan. All they want is fame and power and all they do is plundering and corruption.
M.Rizwan Shehzad May 09, 2013 01:40am
at least appreciate them (PML N) first then go for pointing out there initiatives... and kindly compare other provinces and there governments performances with PML N. it is requested to you that please write a detailed column on other provinces performances with Punjab during last 5 years. hope everybody will get the write answer.. fee amaan ALLAH to Pakistan
Asim May 08, 2013 09:49am
Achievements of 2008-2013 Punjab Government are Metro Bus in Lahore, IT Park in Lahore, Expo Center in Lahore, Industrial Estate in Lahore, 5 new underpasses in Lahore, Canal Road expansion in Lahore, greenery and flower plantation in Lahore. I wonder now was it a Punjab government or Lahore government.
Tahir Ali May 08, 2013 09:52am
Man you are comparing two things (Bullet train vs bullet brain) for the choice of one (i.e bullet brain). Economy and society has many and different pillars, and all pillors are integrated when we consider the progress of a nation. So, to progress, nation should focus on all pillars simultaneously. I donot agree with you on the choice of one at the cost of other even on your proposed so-called priority scale.
Raza May 08, 2013 10:07am
sensible politicians who are honest with their countries dont make irrational and sponteneous decisions as is the comment of bullet train of Mr Sharif. If leaders begin to make decisions on personal initiatives without even analyzing what is better for country and masses, then it can be achieved in a much better manner in authoritarian rules. Then we dont need democracy but a dictator.
Ahmad Mirza May 08, 2013 10:18am
Mr. Adeel i guess US can make that train when they shall stop spending ALL Taxpayer's money on War. Dont you think so ?
Gulap May 08, 2013 10:19am
"The USA which happens to be the world
hamid Shafiq May 08, 2013 10:21am
i agree with the writer opinion. bullet train is not solution for our problems because its like live in foolish gardens. require billions of dollars. politicians are habitual for these type of slogans in elections only after elections its a simple words. so better to work on concrete points which applicable related to society and reality. if we just maintain british era railway i hope its ok for our nation which is already on downfall
Asif May 08, 2013 10:25am
PML N dole out all the money in last 5 years on Lahore only. God forbid if they are elected again they will dole out all Pakistan's money in Lahore.
niaz May 08, 2013 10:30am
may allah mighty give us such kind of reaality
amir lakhmir May 08, 2013 10:33am
Fine work-done by Agha Adeel, I appreciate your Ideas / Research-work and expect the authorities to over come Pakistan's Major problems by writer's brilliant suggestion!
Immad May 08, 2013 10:36am
Mr Shahbaz Sharif next time you come please close down all the universities, high tech industries, value addition services industries, infrastructure projects, industries, colleges and schools across the Punjab but Lahore. And then please force every good brain of Punjab to relocate to Lahore. Afterall Punjab is just Lahore.
Junaid May 08, 2013 10:40am
infrastructure needs to grow by repairing the Pakistan Railways, growing it once repaired. By repairing PIA, growing it once repaired. Providing law and order for private airlines to operate. Creating a road network (not necessarily fancy motorways) but simple roads. Bullet trains cost more than the total budget of Pakistan and can wait.
Ahmad Hasan Zaidi May 08, 2013 10:40am
Is bullet train a priorty over glaring needs like education, health, water, power etc.?
Junaid May 08, 2013 10:40am
milli May 08, 2013 10:54am
Bullet being the operative word in case of politicians
Pakistani May 09, 2013 12:06am
That's what the people want - They are least interested in development
Honey May 08, 2013 11:56pm
Pakistan's problem is not education, its direction of education. Go and ask Zakir Naik or zaid Hamid, They will give you very satisfying answer about Pakistan's prosperity and development.
Irrfaan Akhtaar May 08, 2013 11:29am
bullet train is distant dream first establish rule of law in pakistan
haris May 08, 2013 11:49am
The biggest World's biggest Economy. Her gross domestic product (GDP) is almost double to the 2nd in line China. The gap would get closer in next five years but still by in large the size remain the biggest.
Adnan May 08, 2013 11:49am
No wonder the Sharif Brothers will announce an expedition to Mars and Jupiter in their next election rally. A country which does not have enough energy to run normal railway, our leaders are showing as fantasy of ultra modern trains. No harm in giving hope but if you want to give us hope than promise us that you will not do corruption, you will give this country good governance, you will increase the sources of revenue and will create employment and spread education and health facilities. This nation does not require luxuries, they require basic necessities..
hyderphd74 May 08, 2013 11:22pm
If the Shareef Brothers want to give us hope, they should just announce that they will never ever contest for any seat !!
haris May 08, 2013 11:54am
BTW how would this Bullet train runs? Water or Solar? lol! Because in the developed World it runs on Electricity. Oh! yes we have this in abundant. isn't it?
Sayeed Altaf Hussein May 08, 2013 12:11pm
I don't believe you heard of Alla Iqbal's Share, Khudi ko kur buland intna key Khuda bandey sey khud pushey bata try rasa kya he. Allah is not going to come down from Jenah to help Pakistan . Pakistanis need to help them selve and Allagh will be there to guide them.
Rashid May 08, 2013 12:59pm
First generate electricity to run the train.
Sachaa Pakistani May 08, 2013 01:15pm
Perhaps people interested in bullet trains are not interested in bullet brains because they are supported by those who put bullets in people's brains!!! However, on another note, in the field of education we need computers, uninterrupted internet and of course, power to run the computers. With recently launched wikispaces classroom and the already available educational content on the web, I won't worry much about the software as good brains can collaborate using these online tools (oops, sorry I forgot that we don't have youtube in the country and hopefully, a major pat of the internet will also go down when Punjab chooses the leaders of Pakistan).
G.A. May 08, 2013 01:16pm
Physical security and healthcare are the most fundamental rights of citizens. After these two comes justice, education, clean drinking water etc. To talk of bullet trains is pure insanity at this time and a serious insult to Pakistanis who are simply trying to exist let alone trying to live.
Irrfaan Akhtaar May 08, 2013 01:22pm
i think you are wrong, govt already done their homework regarding profit model. the work is already in progress in six corridors approved by the PMO. now regarding fare i don't see why increasing middle class 500 million can not afford the fare of bullet trains. currently delhi-mumbai fare cost almost 3000 rupees in tier II coaches, i don't t see why those rich people can not shell out 5000 rupees on delhi-mumbai 5 hour journey in high speed trains rather than shelling out 7000 rupees in a flight.
A. Khan May 08, 2013 01:29pm
It is if you consider the multi million dollar commissions that will up for grabs.
shariff May 08, 2013 01:30pm
So far Taliban is the only people keeping their promise " bullet in Brain"
qaz May 08, 2013 02:00pm
with GDP above 15 trillion ! yeah....they do lead !
Tariq May 08, 2013 02:12pm
As usual our "old politicians" make all kinds of absurd promises at election time which they have no means to back up, but millions of "fools" fall for such utterances. It's high time these day dreaming politicians were taught a lesson by not voting for them!
shahid May 08, 2013 02:14pm
what a beautiful article, Adeel you translated Allama Iqbal who has been trying to wakes us up since last we need a bullet pill
Arshad May 08, 2013 02:56pm
Here is what the Punjab govt has done in the last five years.
Nawaz Khawaja May 09, 2013 12:35pm
We definitely need bullet brains but also need most modern means of communication (bullet trains) so that the people of the country are well connected. If people of the country are fast connected, the mutual harmony will increase and dissipating forces would get a set back. I agree that laptops should have had the appropriate soft wares; but we must appreciate that about 200,000 bright students of province were provided tools for better learning. We may give suggestions but must appreciate the efforts put in by the political leadership of the country.
Ikram May 08, 2013 03:51pm
how about prioritizing the needs?
hyderphd74 May 08, 2013 04:12pm
On wars and on aid to countries where it is pocketed by the powerfuls.
Sinn Sal May 08, 2013 04:27pm
If Pakistan builds bullet trains, they will also require huge money for fodder. Well who is gonna feed the bulls who pull the bullet trains?
hyderphd74 May 08, 2013 04:32pm
Let them promise "the rose garden". They can not deliver any thing. Problem is not in promises, they are free, problem is that people believe in those promises. Any leader, any politician or any political party may promise what ever they want, they can simply not deliver unless they can act on two fronts: Eliminate terrorism and REDUCE Pakistan's population by at least half. Even if population growth is brought down to zero, it will take decades to get down to a population that can be managed in a country with such limited resources. Terrorism can also not be eliminated because the government and the military does not want and neither has the guts to do it. So both of these are impossible to achieve. Hence, let the promises be promises. Who cares ! "Wo wada hi kya jo wafa ho jai".
Ahmed May 08, 2013 04:43pm
Better to have Bullet Trains rather than to have Bullet Rains which is the "gift" that the military dictatorships have given Paksitan.
sterry May 08, 2013 04:44pm
You are mistaken when you say the bullet train is neither feasable nor possible. Look at how the motorways and metro bus service have transformed Pakistan. At the end of the day, take a good look at Punjab where there is growth, prosperity, development and stability. It's easy to criticise the Sharif brothers but no one can deny they have done a good job - otherwise Punjab would be like the other provinces. I say let him make the Bullet trains to disprove the naysayers who said trhe same about the motorways and metro bus. May 08, 2013 05:02pm
very thought provoking article,indeed!we need bullet brains instead of bullet trains.
hyderphd74 May 09, 2013 04:48pm
Are you talking about Punjab or Switzerland ? Who are you trying to bluff, Sir? We may have believed you, of course with a grain of salt, but when you said 'not a single case of corruption' then all the above went down the drain and very fast. If any thing has to do with Shareef Brothers and some body says "without corruption" then that talk is simply nonsense. SB and corruption is simply inseparable. Corruption is the elder brother of Nawaz Shareef and Shahbaz Shareef.
hyderphd74 May 08, 2013 07:09pm
First make the 'kankar trains' run smoothly, then think about the 'bullet trains'. We do not have clean water to drink. We do not have unadulterated food to eat. We do not have means to educate our children. We can not afford health care. We do not have electricity, but then only a couple of hundred years back who had? And people lived, so we can also live without it. But, who knows, may be, just may be, they had bullet trains then, so why should we not? It is all a publicity stunt. Unfortunately a vast amount of nations meager resources would be wasted. Why should Nawaz Shareef care? It is not his money. On the contrary, he will make a bundle !
hyderphd74 May 08, 2013 07:12pm
That will not provide a pocket full of money to the rulers !!
touseef May 08, 2013 07:30pm
My dear religion mandates you to put humanity first, what else can be more beautiful then religion in its true essence not an interpreted version of some confined minds.
raja hindustani May 09, 2013 06:01pm
No sir, after study it was found that even in India, bullet train is NOT feasible. This is very very expensive; even more expensive than flight.
raja hindustani May 09, 2013 05:59pm
@Irrfan: As per the study done on Delhi-Patna route (900KM), fare of bullet train would be around Rs. 10,000- almost 2-3 times than Airfare. Now tell me, who will then go by train if flight is cheaper than train fare..?? Moreover, even if you made this expensive bullet train in India (or even Pakistan) it would be utilized mostly by our politicians as free travel; not by common man.
Parvez May 08, 2013 08:48pm
The two Sharif brothers have started resembling a comedy team...........and to think that they may lead the next government, is far from a laughing matter.
waleed FAKHAR May 08, 2013 09:02pm
Zee May 08, 2013 09:04pm
@ kanak and Irfaan. Guys you are totally missing the point. The mention of bullet trains in Pakistan can ONLY be viewed with sarcasm. If the corrupt govts cannot even make 70 mph trains work, then bullet trains ... lol. Those Sharif brothers sure have a good sense of humor.
Zee May 08, 2013 09:08pm
If the Sharif brothers gain power again I will move out of the country ... oh, wait, I already moved out years ago ... because of them.
manghirmalani May 08, 2013 09:11pm
I dis agree with your views
YMMIR May 08, 2013 09:34pm
HNY2013 May 08, 2013 09:34pm
Gulap, looks like u r shocked? Bet you thought Pakistan was #1...wasnt it?
sameer May 09, 2013 06:45am
This is the same mind set that used to say building motorway at about 30 billion rupees back in the 90s was waste of money.Now its national asset value is 40 billion dollars.Leader like Mr Nawaz sharif dont think on day to day basis instead that their vision is of the future.
Ali Hassan May 09, 2013 07:53am
One good comment. China will build bullet train from karachi to peshawar if they are allowed. This is the way of running the economy.
Ali May 09, 2013 09:07am
Many Pakistanis are not that poor?? seriously?? almost half of our population is living below poverty line. Also, Had the sharifs built universities instead of motorway, we would now have had enough cash to build 3 or 4 such motorways
Usman May 09, 2013 10:40am
brilliantly written
Farooq Ali May 09, 2013 11:58am
From where the electricity will come ?
farid May 09, 2013 11:59am
Nawaz Sharif will be able to pocket part of this project, as he has done before.
Ahmed May 09, 2013 12:14pm
Excellent point. Indeed, I have heard more sense from illiterate Pakistanis than from some of the Islamic "aalims", armchair revolutionaries and so forth.
chump May 09, 2013 07:13pm
Don't know much about Pakistan. But some European countries' motorways were build with help of IMF. And believe me, IMF's interest rate is suffiecient to break one's backbone. One who uses IMF money to make Motorways stays slave of IMF for years. Please wiki yourself to Greece economy, Portuguese economy.. Brasil's eceonomy before Lula de Silva.
Agha Ata (USA) May 09, 2013 01:06pm
We have a lot of bullets flying around, all what we need now is a train that carries them. That's what I understand by a bullet train. Please correct me if I am wrong. :)
Muhammad Awais May 09, 2013 01:14pm
Bullet train is not our first need. Priority should be given to education.
shahid May 09, 2013 01:25pm
this is the problem I will talk only about my province my city because I am not a Pakistani why should I talk about, Pakistan is going down let it go I will talk about my province, not a single case of corruption?
hyderphd74 May 09, 2013 04:37pm
Excellent, excellent !!!
Arshad May 10, 2013 06:47am
Brother, I did not mean it that way, people were saying PMLN only did for Lahore, I was trying to show that they worked for the whole province not just Lahore. I wish other parties in other provinces had done something where they ruled. Pakistan will always come first and the people need to vote those who are sincere and work for the country. I am for any party that is working for Pakistan, be it PMLN, PTI, MQM, or PPP.