File photo

WASHINGTON, Dec 27: Human resilience for the 13 highest risk countries has been declining but in Pakistan it has been increasing, shows a recent study by researchers associated with the US Department of Energy.

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories, which conducts research for the Department of Energy, are developing a human resilience index to provide tools that help explore the links among human ecological conditions, human resilience and conflict.

Seven indicators are used to calculate the index: population growth rate, population density, caloric intake per capita, renewable freshwater per capita, arable land per capita, median age, and population health.

The last indicator includes infant and child mortality and life expectancy.

The researchers focused on a particular period — 1961-2008 — and also considered various historic events associated with some form of state failure. These included Somalia’s invasion of Ethiopia in 1977, the 1988 food shortages and rioting in Malawi, and the 1994 civil war in Yemen.

Other data showed that declines in human resilience index values for Somalia, Malawi and Yemen were influenced heavily by steep population growth rates (10, 6 and 5 per cent respectively), which were driven by international refugee migration.

In Malawi, declining caloric intake (food shortages) and declining public health (life expectancy) played important roles. In Yemen, a youth bulge (declining median age) and food shortages played important roles.

Pakistan, however, increased its resilience in this period. The researchers attributed this increase to increasing life expectancy in Pakistan.

Although ranking better than the other countries on the risk list, Pakistan was still in the lower third of all 154 countries.

“Pakistan’s ranking suggests that instabilities there may be less related to human ecological conditions than in the other countries,” the researchers concluded.

The next objective in this work is to calibrate the Human Resilience Model to historic data, and then use the calibrated model to dynamically generate the HRI value for countries or regions into the future. The index value for each year will be based on the dynamic relationships among indicator values and other data from each previous year.

Using hypothetical data to simulate model results for three hypothetical futures in Pakistan, the researchers concluded that Pakistan’s HRI value will be gradually improving.

The index will allow policymakers to more easily identify trends and dynamics leading to potential state failure, and to simulate the trade-offs associated with different policies and strategies aimed at mitigating those failures.

The Human Resilience Index ranks countries by their resilience to collapse based upon the condition of their human ecology. The index results for 154 countries were derived from data collected from the World Bank Development Indicators and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation.

More From This Section

Treat the disease, not the diseased, says PM on Karachi situation

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif chaired a meeting on Karachi's law and order situation at the Jinnah International Airport.

Guddu Power Plant: PM launches commissioning of additional units

The units would add another 747 MW to the national grid at a cost of Rs 60 billion.

Three SC judges named for commission to probe attack on Hamid Mir

The judges named for the commission are Justice Anwar Jamali, Justice Ejaz Afzal and Justice Iqbal Hameedur Rahman.

Women desks to be set up at all 500 KP police stations: CM

Pervez Khattak also announced the establishment of jury or jirga system at the model police stations.

Comments are closed.

Comments (11)

December 29, 2012 1:44 pm
It is a basic principle what cannot cured must be endured
December 28, 2012 3:07 pm
you got 1st!
December 29, 2012 2:39 pm
endurance power
Raoul Ciao
December 29, 2012 9:34 am
my point is this - do these people have a choice but to be resilient to survive? If we are commenting great show, on their resilience , we are mocking the inability of Pakistan to do anything for these downtrodden. A failing state and an ignorant mass on their comfy armchairs, commenting !
December 28, 2012 11:45 pm
Mr.Khurram...I obviously lost my point on you. All I am saying is that there is nothing these people can do other than being resilient and take another on the chin. This article was better left unwritten because I feel it represents a slap on the faces of these poor people who have literally got nowhere to hide. You go tell these people about the latest HRI index and I bet you they will drown you in your Human Remorse Index. I am not here to start a Indo-Pak debate, atleast, not at the cost of these people.
December 28, 2012 11:25 pm
the resilience is because of the grace of almighty and it will lead pakistan to become an ideal islamic welfare state for everyone to emulate.
Neer Nayan
December 28, 2012 6:36 pm
Dear friends, as has already been proved time and again, let us 'forget' any solution to our woes from our respective authorities. The only, and the best we all can do is to observe and follow The Holy Shariats in our respective faiths, stand for the righteousness, and help the living as well as the non living creations of The ALMIGHTY, in our respective vicinities!
December 28, 2012 7:19 pm
On my trip to Thar desert I noticed that too. Those poor of the poorest goes thru the life cycle as if everything is normal. They were very poor but happy and laughed a lot. I don't know why but that is the truth.
Cyrus Howell
December 28, 2012 4:53 am
"Pakistanis show resilience against disasters." This is absolutely true. Some of the people amazed me.during the great flood. The earthquake and the flood were no Boy Scout camping trips.
December 28, 2012 6:42 am
The options are ...... 1) Shut up 2) Put up
December 28, 2012 7:43 am
what else can they be except resilient?
Explore: Indian elections 2014
Explore: Indian elections 2014
How much do you know about Indian Elections?
How much do you know about Indian Elections?
From The Newspaper