A Palestinian boy holds a poster of Yasser Arafat, left, as another holds a poster of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, right, during a rally supporting the Palestinian UN bid for observer state status, in the West Bank city of Hebron, Thursday Nov. 29, 2012. —AP Photo

THE HAGUE: If Palestine achieves UN “non-member observer status” on Thursday, it could ask the International Criminal Court to investigate crimes committed during the decades-long Israel-Palestinian conflict.

Based in The Hague, the ICC can prosecute those guilty of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, committed since July 1, 2002, when its founding treaty, the Rome Statute, came into force.

So far it has been ratified by 121 countries, but not Israel – nor the United States, China and Russia.

Only individuals, not states, can be prosecuted before the ICC. The court can only pursue an individual if crimes were committed on a state party’s territory, or by a citizen of a state party.

Referral

A state party may refer crimes within the court’s jurisdiction to the prosecutor for investigation.

Cases may also be referred by the UN Security Council, as was the case in Libya last year, or the prosecutor can initiate his own investigations with permission from the judges.

But a Security Council referral is a remote possibility as the United States, Israel’s staunchest ally, is a permanent member of the council and frequently uses its veto right in Israel’s defence.

Palestine

The Palestinian Authority, which is also threatening to sue Israel before the ICC if it turns out its late leader Yasser Arafat was poisoned, in 2009 asked the prosecutor’s office to investigate alleged war crimes committed by the Israeli military during its December 2008-January 2009 Operation Cast Lead offensive in the Gaza Strip.

The Palestinians recognised the ICC’s authority in 2009, something that the Rome Statute says only a state can do so.

For this reason, former ICC chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo decided in 2011 to leave it up to the “competent organs of the United Nations” to decide whether Palestine was a state before deciding whether or not to investigate alleged crimes.

If recognised by the United Nations as a “non-member observer state”, Palestine would need to first ratify the Rome Statute or recognise the jurisdiction of the court before trying to bring a case.

If Thursday’s vote is successful, Palestine’s status may no longer be an issue for the court’s new chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda to decide whether to launch a probe on her own initiative or at the request of the Palestinians.


Do you have information you wish to share with Dawn.com? You can email our News Desk to share news tips, reports and general feedback. You can also email the Blog Desk if you have an opinion or narrative to share, or reach out to the Special Projects Desk to send us your Photos, or Videos.

More From This Section

Comments (5) (Closed)


numbersnumbers
Nov 29, 2012 08:30pm
Of course Israel could then bring the Palestinian state before the ICC on numerous charges also!
KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ
Nov 29, 2012 06:04pm
Although France and other countries have agreed to vote in favor of Philistine bid for independent observer state in United Nations but Philistine authority recent move strongly opposed by Israel and its very close ally the United States. Israel fears that after getting status of Independent observer states philistine can challenge Israel’s war crimes in International criminal court. US secretary of state Hillary Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister urged Philistine authority to instead of going to UNO and seeking status for independent state, start dialogue with Israelis and solve crises through negotiations. True reality is that despite long negotiations and several road peace maps presented by US authorities Philistine people get nothing except deaths destructions and long siege of Gaza. Despite serious reservations of world community and US itself Israelis illegal constructions are still going on. Things are going bad to worse after Israeli continues air strikes at Gaza and other places. After miserable role of US and Israel and world community Philistine authority has decided to go to UNO and get status of independent status through UNO Security Council. At the time when East Timor and northern Sudan get status of dependent state through UNO resolutions why Philistine people can’t do like this.
Owais Ahmed
Nov 29, 2012 06:21pm
The Palestanians can try , but to no avail.
Khan
Nov 29, 2012 04:10pm
Why not? If the Zionist entity in Occupied Palestine can be a state why can't Palestine be??? We wish Palestinians best of luck.
Cyrus Howell
Dec 02, 2012 09:31am
We wish Palestinians best of luck. They'll need it.