CAIRO, Oct 2: Militants are shifting their focus from southwest Asia to Arab North Africa and stepping up violence in the region, Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki said in an interview published on Tuesday.
Moderate Islamists who were suppressed by Arab dictators have gained political power or prominence following popular uprisings in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt.
But armed, militant Islamist groups, including the North African wing of al Qaeda, have also benefited from lapses in internal security across the region wrought by the often chaotic transition to more democratic government.
Marzouki told pan-Arab daily al Hayat that some of Tunisia’s hardline Salafists had links to Al Qaeda and that North African countries would work before the end of the year to form a united front against the threat of rising Militancy.
“The centre of the terrorist movement is moving now from Afghanistan and Pakistan to the Arab Maghreb region ... and the great danger is at our doors,” Marzouki said.
He said around 3,000 Salafists in Tunisia were estimated to be potentially dangerous and described them as a “cancer” in the country, the first in the Arab world to bring down dictatorship in a wave of popular uprisings.
Marzouki, a secularist in office under a power-sharing deal with the moderate Islamist Ennahda party after it won a free election a year ago, said talks with such militants were futile and the threat they posed must be addressed with legal measures.“(Militants) are mainly present in Libya and Algeria, and especially in the south,” Marzouki said, referring to the remote and thinly populated desert expanses of the Maghreb where policing is weaker and there has been traditional tribal resistance to central authority.
“There is a security problem now threatening the entire Arab Maghreb region ... All our southern borders are threatened with this problem now. There has to be a unified response from all the countries.”
Last month, Salafists predominated in a crowd of protesters who ransacked the US embassy in Tunisia in fury over an anti-Islam film and the US ambassador to Libya was killed in a militant ambush.
Al Qaeda’s affiliate in North Africa then urged Muslims to kill more US government representatives in the region — particularly in Libya, Tunisia, Morocco and Mauritania.
AQIM, or Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, emerged out of Algeria’s civil conflict but has gradually expanded south into the Sahara.—Reuters