TEHRAN: Conservative rivals of Iran’s president have claimed control of parliament with more than two-thirds of the seats decided from elections handing the ruling Islamic establishment near seamless control in the escalating nuclear standoff with the West.
The outcome also puts an emphatic stamp on President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s political tumble after he dared to challenge Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei over his power to direct key government affairs such as foreign policy and intelligence.
Ahmadinejad, once considered a favored son of Iran's theocracy, is left politically weakened moving into his final 18 months in office and could become the first president to be questioned by a hostile parliament since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
Although the 290-seat parliament holds little control over policy matters such as Iran’s nuclear program, the win by hard-liners looked to reinforce Iran’s stiff rejection of Western pressure to stop its uranium enrichment program.
The West believes Iran is trying to build nuclear weapons. Iran denies that and says its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.
Speaking in Washington Sunday, President Barack Obama warned that the US would not hesitate to use military force to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons, but he called for restraint. “'Now is the time to let our increased pressure sink in, and to sustain the broad international coalition that we have built,” he told a pro-Israel lobby.
In Iran, hard-liners were claiming victory in the parliamentary elections, though vote-counting continues.
Out of 216 winners that emerged by Sunday, at least 112 were conservatives who turned against Ahmadinejad after he openly challenged Khamenei's authority last year. Also elected were six independent candidates opposed to Ahmadinejad.
The remaining seats were split between Ahmadinejad supporters and centrists, some of whom could side with the anti-Ahmadinejad bloc. At least 23 races will have to be decided in runoffs. Reformists were virtually absent from the ballots, highlighting the intense crackdowns since the mass protests after Ahmadinejad’s disputed re-election in 2009.
Ahmadinejad and Khamenei started out as close allies, but rifts developed as the president sought to put his stamp on key government posts traditionally under the direct control of the supreme leader. A major break occurred in April when Ahmadinejad boycotted government meetings for more than a week in a personal protest over Khamenei’s order to reinstate the intelligence minister.
The current parliament, which remains in session until the new chamber is seated in late May, is expected to move ahead with an order to bring Ahmadinejad for public questioning over accusations that include economic mismanagement at a time when Iran is being battered by expanded Western sanctions over its nuclear program, targeting ability to conduct international banking and sell oil. Ahmadinejad also is expected to face grilling over his feud with Khamenei.
The final results are not expected until Tuesday, but the partial count was enough for Ahmadinejad's opponents to boast of a landslide victory.
Mohammad Reza Bahonar, an Ahmadinejad supporter-turned-opponent, claimed that the president's rivals have won 80 percent of the seats decided so far. It’s difficult to independently verify the prediction. In the absence of genuine political parties, it’s almost impossible to say whether centrist candidates and others will fall in line with the ruling establishment.
Even so, it’s already clear that the theocracy now has a clear path to shape the election to succeed Ahmadinejad next year. Only a strong showing by Ahmadinejad’s allies in the parliamentary races would have given him enough leverage to press for a protege among the candidates, who are vetted by the ruling clerics.
In the capital Tehran, anti-Ahmadinejad candidates including Gholam Ali Haddad Adel, whose daughter is married to Khamenei’s son, were showing strong support.
However, several Ahmadinejad supporters are likely to win seats in Tehran.
A huge embarrassment was the defeat of Parvin Ahmadinejad, the president’s younger sister, in their hometown of Garmsar.
Reformists were virtually absent from the ballot, showing the crushing force of crackdowns on the opposition. Instead, Friday’s elections became a referendum on Ahmadinejad’s political stature after he tried to challenge the near-total authority of Khamenei to decide critical government policies such as intelligence and foreign affairs.
In his first comment after Friday’s vote, Ahmadinejad only thanked Iranians for going to the polling stations in large numbers, saying it caused “disappointment of enemies and bad-wishers.”