PESHAWAR, May 19: The upcoming Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf led provincial government will find it hard to turn its pro-people election manifesto into a reality without growing Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s income considerably, according to official sources.

“The PTI would find Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s existing income insufficient to finance an investment intensive programme promised under its election manifesto,” said an important functionary.

Some of the senior government functionaries, in their background interviews to Dawn, said that Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was balancing its annual budget with quite a difficulty, hardly meeting its most important expenditure requirements.

“This programme (PTI’s agenda) would be difficult to implement without improving the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s income levels,” said an official.

The party has promised to create a bottom-up governance system establishing village level councils, focusing on the community.

“Each village will be governed by an empowered village council,” contains its manifesto, adding “a village will have sufficient money as a ‘right’ to maintain services and perform functions that will become its responsibility under village councils.”

The party has promised to empower village councils and provide them access to development funds for investment and infrastructure.

According to official sources, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will need to make significant changes in its local government law which took effect on January 1 this year after the last provincial government repealed the Local Government Ordinance 2001.

“The PTI is talking about things that would require a bigger government, requiring substantial investment to implement its plans,” said a finance manager.

Its plan envisages rural industrialisation by developing cottage industry and micro enterprises and promotion of small and medium enterprises through ‘finance support systems, technology and market linkages.’ In an effort to encourage and provide incentives for fulfilling people’s housing needs, the party has promised to give innovative financing measures to facilitate the deserving. Similarly, it plans to establish ‘Jawan Markaz’ (youth centres) in all districts and tehsils to facilitate youths in addition to significantly increasing scholarships and free loans for deserving students. In fulfillment of an identical promise, the party will set up ‘Insafgah’ (one step women centres) at the union council level to provide medical, legal, economic direction, references, and aid to women. Besides, self-employed women have been promised training programmes, subsidies, and monetary incentives to increase opportunities.

It has also promised to modernise the trucking industry and introduce ‘mass transport systems’ in all major cities.

“All this sounds great, but it would be difficult to achieve without money,” said a development planner.

The insufficient money has been an issue that none of the successive Khyber Pakhtunkhwa governments found it easy to overcome, managing funds with a higher degree of difficulty.

The last provincial government had anticipated to raise a total of Rs303 billion revenue receipts during the outgoing financial year. Of this amount, over Rs191 billion would serve the province’s current revenue expenditure requirements, including a total expenditure of Rs115.4 billion on salaries of the government employees, and Rs31.5 billion on the government’s necessary operations, repair and maintenance works.

However, the next government could work around to gradually implement its manifesto by making use of the funds available for development activities.

The province, said an official, had already committed itself for at least next three years as its ongoing development schemes would take, on average, three years to complete, requiring an investment of over Rs300 billion.

“They (PTI leaders) are talking about improving social services at the village level which means more nurses, more doctors, more health equipment, and more teachers across the province,” said a planner.

The PTI’s manifesto promises to extend primary health care to the poor, revitalise all basic health units with doctors, staff and medicines. Similarly, it promises to make rural health centres to be the fulcrum of the primary health care delivery, improving mother and child health care and modernising all district and tehsil headquarters hospitals.

Apart from creating jobs in healthcare it promises to ‘dramatically increase the number of nurses, lady health visitors, paramedics, doctors with special focus on dentists and eye doctors.

The PTI has promised to ensure availability of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities across rural and urban areas.

Similarly, in the education sector, the party has promised to increase a fivefold greater investment in five years, underlying one education system across the area under its rule.

Promising a decentralised service delivery system at the district level, the party has committed to empower community to help manage schools, introduce a need-based voucher system to fund students to go to private schools to fill gaps where government schools are not enough with focus on girls education (double number of girls high schools in five years).

As per its election promise, the party would go for holding local body elections in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa within 100 days after coming into power.

“This means a lot of work to do in the months to come, overhauling the existing local government law to make it in accordance with the new government’s manifesto and organising the government administrative structures at the grassroots level that had recently been wounded up by the last provincial government,” said an official.

Updated May 20, 2013 01:44am

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Comments (83) (Closed)


abdul wahab
May 22, 2013 12:59am
inshallah,they will do it bcz there is sencerity
J.W.Lobo
May 22, 2013 12:51am
The public has a right to know the truth as it is ! Be it good or bad news, does not matter. Feed back and opinions of the general public should also be reported by the media .
fz
May 21, 2013 08:03pm
if previous performance is the criteria then whom did u vote for in this election and why?
fz
May 21, 2013 08:07pm
Why all the hue and cry about imran khan and kpk all of a sudden. remmember it is Nawaz sharif who won the election .what about his performance and promises.
Steppenwolf
May 21, 2013 03:46pm
All pipe-dreams. Impossible to implement in a country rife with land, bank, arms, cricket, food, property and all sorts of Mafia!
G.A.
May 21, 2013 03:48pm
Difference this time around is that Imran Khan can be trusted. Time will tell about his policies but his integrity is without question and that is a big plus.
Noal
May 21, 2013 03:28pm
I will be happy if the new provincial government could at least try its level best and make some progress. If IK really sticks to his plans of not allowing corruption, he will succeed to a large extent. Difficult, but doable. Even if a significant change could be brought, it will carry a lot for confidence building of the future. If PTI reaches for the star, they may not get any, but, they will not come up with a handful of mud either.
sana
May 21, 2013 02:28pm
i do believe the author is not aware of KPK a lot. The economy of KPK is comparatively more stable than the rest of provinces. KPK economy is pretty much independent. More than 80% of community prefer small businesses rather than jobs. KPK people are very money consuming i.e its a strong consumer economy which boost small businesses The road conditions all over KPK is far better than the rest of Pakistan so PTI wont have to invest a lot on roads In spite of 1 decade terrorism and barbarism still we dont see many signs of starvation, PTI will have to deal with the IDP's which are homeless becoz they left their home temporarily due to war. IDP's cannot be termed homeless, If peace with taliban is reached then these people will go back to their homes and start contribute to local economy All needed is the electricity problems so the factories, trade business, Education units and Entertainment can run on full scale and PEOPLE CAN GO TO WORK PLACES RATHER THAN JOINING THE TERRORISM.
Usman
May 21, 2013 02:08pm
I am an overseas Pakistani, and if the PTI asks for funds needed to implement their agenda I am willing to send US $50 every month, how many overseas Pakistanis will donate even a small amount US $20 or 10 Pounds or Euros to ensure PTI agenda does not fall short because they were lacking of a few crore rupees, which works out to nothing in US Dollars, Euros or Pounds?
Ihsan Ilahi
May 21, 2013 01:48pm
Insha Allah they will do it... coz Imran Khan is a challenge taking person.....
Asif
May 21, 2013 04:24am
The solution is to cut the government bureaucracy from Rs115 billion in salaries to Rs 31 billion and increase education, health, and infrastructure spending from Rs 31 billion to Rs 115 billion.
UK Blogger
May 20, 2013 02:34pm
Someone needs to take of their rose tinted glasses! Then again dreaming is free and good.
KPK
May 20, 2013 02:28pm
Actions should speak louder than words!!!!!!!!!!!!! Isnt't the saying?
Imran
May 20, 2013 07:57am
Where there is a will there is a way.
za
May 20, 2013 02:15pm
luck favors the brave
ahmed.jumma@yahoo.com
May 21, 2013 05:44am
We hope Imran Khan will make KP a model for whole of Pakistan. In the meantime, other chief ministers should not sleep and should try to make their province even better than the spectrum of IK and present before IK that they had better plan hence implemented and got better results and IK in KP.
javed mirza
May 21, 2013 09:01am
I am confident that IK will be able to bring a positive change in PK province and set examples for others.Honesty and dedication is the key for success.He has already shown results in the form of establishing Shoket Khanum Hospital,a reputable University in the backward area of Mianwali.May Allah's blessings be always with him.Amin!.
imran
May 21, 2013 08:29am
What is the matter with us Pakistanis? We are never happy, had PTI designated a inexperienced young person as CM people would have said, whats he going to do, he has no experience, now when PTI has someone experienced people are saying he is 62. Comon people, dont jump the guns, wait and see what happens, if he isnt capable he will get replaced (or should get replaced), I am not a PTI die Hard supporter, but thats the only aprty i can associate myself with, because atleast they look dedicated to the ocuntry which is yet to be seen and now is the time for them, PTI will have to deliver in KPK otherwise they know their chapter would be closed forever if they fail to do so. I am not really worried about that because I know and have belief by hook or crook PTI and IK will fight to make KPK a better place, what i am worried is rest of people of Pakistan, what is going to happen to them because they are still governed by same old, and thats where PTI can play huge role, identify the problems, and help the federal Govt to resolve. Personally i believe no party should get majority, this way they all be under constant radar and check. May Allah be with Pakistan and people of Pakistan.
JK
May 20, 2013 02:27pm
In order to increase income you have to have an agenda which promotes development AND that is what PTI is committing to. The old timers who have governed the country for so many years have spent our hard earned money on publicity gimmicks such as metro bus and decreased the expenditure of programs such as health and education only to increase the deficit (between income and expenditure). PTI comes in with the enthusiasm and vigour which tried and tested government’s lack. The parties which have governed for so long don’t want to change as they do not know how to. I would prefer enthusiasm any day over a tired and experienced defeatist.
Mystic
May 21, 2013 03:54am
Implementing national manifesto in a Province???? Why would one even expect that?
Zain Khan
May 20, 2013 07:09pm
Investment doesn't need to be from the Government, there are ample private hedge funds willing to invest in KPK. We need to realize that KPK is a hidden gem of Pakistan, which boasts a bustling tourism industry together with a huge mining industry that needs to be cultivated. Strongly believe that once investor confidence is restored in KPK, things will start to take a turn for the better.
nukhan
May 21, 2013 03:41am
Imran Khan will do well inshallah, I see no reason, why he can't create an efficient governance and replicate it across all other provinces when he gets chance to become a PM in next elections. Important is that he develops a committed working team to execute the plans.
tabassum
May 21, 2013 03:06am
ALLAH HELP THOSE WHO HELP THEMSELSELVES, AND ALLAH KNOWS THE INTENTIONS OF ALL
ali ahmed
May 20, 2013 02:13pm
already he has taken u turn by nominating a 62 yrs man as chief minister and prevented female voters to cast their vote in Dir
P.R.Koduri
May 20, 2013 01:50pm
I hope proper governance and efficient adminstration can help attain the goal of providing clean water and elementary education to all children. If that should happen, it will be an eye opener for the people of neighboring countries to ask for the same.
Kalimullah
May 21, 2013 09:36am
Without proper mechanism how can any one lift up the economy and other challenges?. Till date they just as words like any other politicians. Tell me the mechanism to over come the same and if PTI delivered the same i will vote for the first time in my life to PTI in next election or wise verse PTI will be same as old other political parties.
Asif
May 21, 2013 05:04am
A decent comment by Agha Ata (USA)
Asif
May 21, 2013 05:06am
UK Blogger needs to stay in UK and keep blogging about "her majesty"
zab
May 20, 2013 03:53pm
Realists : In a 3rd world country Bullet trains , PIA space shuttels,Asian tiger etc ........possible Dreamers :In a 3rd world country Peace , Respect,Justice ,Education, Health for all......impossible Thats our mindset .May Allah forgive us All.
Ghani
May 20, 2013 01:42pm
This is hard but not impossible! This is where foreign help comes in handy (and has been abused by influential quarters of Pakistan all along!). I wish the PTI govt. courage and determination to achieve these apparently difficult goals.
nationalist
May 20, 2013 01:47pm
we are with you IK. Just show your worth to all corrupt politicians.
nadeem
May 20, 2013 03:36pm
This is called "change" in Imran Khan's "naya" Pakistan????? Or should I say reconditioned Pakistan?
BEA
May 20, 2013 01:41pm
For Gods sake give them a chance they have just been elected lets see what the PTI can do probably a lot better them the last shower that were in Gov.
mike jackson
May 20, 2013 03:31pm
It goes to show ..George Orwell's Animal Farm Is alive and well. Idealism and idealogues will see the writing on the wall . Given Imran's recent head injury , and all the pain medication he must be taking ..clear thinking might be even harder not to mention the lack of it from the get go ...sad state of affairs indeed!! Regards Mike
pathanoo
May 20, 2013 01:37pm
Imran Khan made the promises he needed to make to win. Now, implementing those promises is another thing. Look out for creative explanations, deflections and excuses. And, may be, just may be, some improvements as well.
AHMAD
May 21, 2013 05:38am
Positive Thinking and intention is needed for overcoming the problems, If defined budget is spent totally without commissions that will also make the difference. Politician should be prescient. There are so many ways to fix the issue, but needs sincerity. They can outsource the investments to foreign companies in start. Everything and the problem is bona fide and ex-govt was not loyal with the nation. Hope for the best and pray from Great ALLAH.
Agha Ata (USA)
May 20, 2013 01:26pm
This is probably the tenth estimate about Imran Khan that I have read bout, and later, saw it vanishing into the thin air. To say that Imran Khan would fail because an officer said so, is rediculous. Why is that officer not a political, then?
Abid
May 20, 2013 06:13pm
I believe you would prefer Zardari then for another five years ?
Amjed
May 20, 2013 07:03am
InshaAllah PTI shall prove .... Just remember, '" Where is a will there is a way".
pankajdehlavi
May 21, 2013 07:20am
First task is to de-weaponize KPK and engage the common man to focus on earning using peaceful means. If this could be done, rest things will follow automatically. KPK govt. will have enough money to spend on people welfare, health and education... But, the problem is who will prepare weaponized people to lay down their arms and start doing some productive occupations.
Husain
May 20, 2013 06:08pm
Following things must also be done by PTI. 1) Launch a centralized, transparent and efficient donation collection systems so that contribution of wealthy people of the province can be combined to develop important projects for the betterment of the province. 2) If an ordinary citizen needs some Justice or help to resolve a problem, a simple SMS or phone call should be sufficient to get the attention and support of concerned government department. 3) Reduce corruption done by ministers, senior government employees, and other low level staff.... Very strict punishments should be introduced for the corrupt. Corruption should become so much difficult that only honest and sincere people should opt for government employment. 4) Impart moral education to the society; speak truth, don't give or take bribe, help others, don't throw trash on public places, respect women/elders/children, don't support a morally and ethically corrupt person (in elections), traffic rules, don't use vulgar language, avoid too much use of noisy horn while driving, etc etc. All of these ethics should be bombarded on citizens every where...
Riaz Ahmad
May 20, 2013 07:04am
Imran Khan can perhaps raise money through foreign sources to fund good governance, convince the American and Chinese to invest.
Ichope(Hong Kong)
May 20, 2013 07:15am
Only PTI can do something about KPK; as for the revenue, the team is wise enough to come up with ideas and a strong backing from overseas Pakistanis, should ensure implementation of massive developments. Go on, PTI make us pathans proud!!!
Adelaide
May 20, 2013 08:08am
Welcome to the real world PTI. Unrealistic promises/objectives etc. How Taliban will react to this.
farid
May 20, 2013 03:16pm
American should seize on this opportunity and help the people of KPK , that will be their real war on terrorism. For once America should really help the people of Pakistan rather than supporting the generals and selling tanks and bombs to Pakistan. Obama always talks about democracy and it is his chance to help a democratic process which has started in Pakistan.
M. S. Alvi
May 20, 2013 03:12pm
I am certain that America, China and others will help in this cause.
UK Blogger
May 20, 2013 02:44pm
Pakistan is riddled with a Cancer of Corruption and backwardness that does not want to see the people become educated, the poor become middle class, women to become equal and religion freedom be allowed. Why not...? If they did all the rich kids would have to much competition. Now the man in charge (Nawaz) is the one that Bankrup the country twice before and made his money from that very system. How long before he Bankrupts Pakistan again... watch his pockets grow!
Engr. Mujtaba
May 21, 2013 08:20am
Although difficult but not impossible and they have good economic team.Best wishes for IK government in KPK.
M. S. Alvi
May 20, 2013 03:22pm
I am glad to see the optimism of people. With all the good intentions of Imran Khan behind this, it is bound to succeed. In the past, nothing worked because of the insincere intentions and corruption.
Shahpur
May 20, 2013 02:57pm
They have to start from some where, to give hope to the poor, that there will be a better tomorrow. Only GOD can fix it in a day, PTI has to take a step and GOD will help.
farhan
May 20, 2013 08:55am
Typical Pakistani negative mentality is evident in this article. I agree it will be difficult to implement all the manifesto pledges due to funding restrictions but even if PTI manages to achieve 50% of what they have pledged it would be fantastic for KP. If one aims to reach the sky he may reach the top of the building but if he aims to reach to the first floor of the building then may Allah give him guidance. From MQM supporter
Wahab Ahmed
May 20, 2013 08:58am
it is pro-poor, anything done will be for betterment of people of kpk, even under-achievement is better than doing nothing.
ANEES
May 21, 2013 02:03am
@ ali ahmad - Already you have lost hope even before they start, so YOU thoroughly deserve to live the same miserable life... Pessimism..
Khalid
May 20, 2013 11:56am
Yes challanges are high like mount Everest but I have fulll confidence in PTI's ability under the leadership of Imran Khan that they will inshallah try to meet with these challenges. Not all will be met but if 20-30% are met it will be a great success and once a right direction is layed down things will improve quicker in the next term and Imran will inshallah become an example for other provinces who will then be not scared about his being inexperienced. My prayers are behind PTI.s success.
abdul w qureshi
May 21, 2013 02:09am
I am worried about Imran promomise to munnawar Husain that jamat islami will get education ministry and is confirmed by senator khurshid . it will be the biggest mistake pti will make and kpk will pay a heavy price for that and it will disaster for the federal government ./qureshi/usa
SFO
May 20, 2013 10:19pm
All I know is many overseas Pakistanis (me too) would invest in KPK - I hope that helps the govt. which runs under guidance of IK. Also, agree with comments below, lets give IK a chance please !!!!!
Samy Merchant
May 20, 2013 04:46pm
I remind you all again-DAWN is a Shia/secular/Ismaili/Hindu newspaper. This is why they always have articles against Imran Khan and Jamaat-i-Islami. But the tide is changing. Muslims in Pakistan will win, Inshaa Allah.
Mubashir
May 20, 2013 09:05am
Hemat Jawan ho bs INSHALLAH everything will manage
goodDeedsLeadTo
May 20, 2013 10:07pm
The rich will pay the due taxes on their income, because they know they can trust the new administration, they know Imran Khan's credibility. They have seen Imran Khan producing wonderful welfare institutions like SK & NUML university, and they have seen the wonders of strong governance, transparency, accountablity realized on a daily basis.
AHMAD
May 20, 2013 10:06pm
Imran Khan do it. Just do it, Imran.
Pakistani
May 20, 2013 10:09pm
This is a way of letting the JUI and PLM-N control the are. PTI has to start somewhere. What an excuse - as if they have been funding that region. The looters are looking for a way to carry on with the corruption..
MZ
May 20, 2013 09:30pm
'Senior officers'??? those experts who ruined the province along with the corrupt politicians? It is a difficult task for them as they take 76% in their pockets. Honest government with educated people can make it happen inshAllah.
Ali
May 20, 2013 09:32pm
I'll be scratching my head if I was PTI as in "where do you start" .. there is so much that is wrong here.
Silajit
May 20, 2013 11:31pm
This is the BIG difference between a fledgeling democracy like Pakistan and a mature democracy like the US. In a mature democracy, Imran Khan's empty promises would have been cross examined for inflows and outlays by every school kid that knew math (and political pundits of course) BEFORE the election. If he did get elected after this, there would be no illusion in anybody's mind that he was incapable of delivering what he promised. Chalk it down to a learning experience and throw out the next candidate who makes empty promises.
Shah
May 20, 2013 07:54pm
lol...if they can't do it in KPK , then they may borrow the finance guru, one and only Sir Ishaq dar or Sarcharj (sorry sartaj) aziz from the federal government..... Come on Mr. Writer, after NFC awards, provinces may have more reveneue than the federal government and even though i'm not a die hard fan of over simplified policies of IK, i always believe if there is any place where he can implement his policies (like jirga, pinchayat) is KPK, who are close to his district govt manifesto. and as a die hard hater of PML-N policies i believe atleast they wont caugh up with the sasti roti, peeli taxi or laptop as a bribe schemes.
AHMAD
May 20, 2013 10:03pm
Go ahead Imran Khan, " just do it ". You have God almighty's blessing and people power behind you efforts. Good luck.
nadeem
May 20, 2013 03:34pm
Yes, but Imran is all talk and no action!!!
shaheen
May 20, 2013 12:20pm
It does not mean that no one should even try.. We have to start from somewhere and let us hope that this is a step in the right direction. Wish KPK and PTI and Allied Parties all the success. Hoping that those on the wrong side will consider the interest of the nation and refrain from sabotage activities..
Chromosomal XX
May 20, 2013 09:03am
My good fellow Intikhab Amir, your third report consistently targeting PTI once again reeks of cynicism and is vague. You quote "official sources" but fall short of naming anybody. It is obvious your "source" is the same old biased one that just cannot digest the fact how ANP-PPP was routed for its pathetic performance, and now you're heaping tons of anti-PTI propaganda built on same cynicism and frustration without giving PTI even a chance to prove you wrong
M. S. Alvi
May 20, 2013 02:56pm
The PTI plans may be difficult but not impossible. They deserve everybody's support to succeed. You never give up a job because it is difficult.
Zafar Abbas (@Zafar_A)
May 20, 2013 08:26pm
Any step taken in right directions is counted. As long as they are starting with plans, slowly the will achieve goals. When you start a journey in the right direction, you eventually reach the destination.
azhar
May 20, 2013 11:51am
most difficult two things are; to be honest with agenda and to start implementing it.
FoY
May 20, 2013 09:17pm
Overseas Pakistanis are with you :) We are ready to invest in KPK. Please ensure an effective way for us to send our investments.
Haseeb
May 20, 2013 09:20pm
Read only one part of manifesto what ll they do forgetting what they said about how they ll raise finance through broader network of tax and lowering govt expense. Already taken steps of leaving CM house and no protocol. so Good start so far let see how much they can achieve. only proper planning of Haripur industrial district can solve half the fund issue.
Ravi
May 20, 2013 11:09pm
Please don't drag god in everything by doing that you are indirectly telling god shall take care of things you don't have to make an effort, writer is giving on the ground assesment of the situation and solution has to come through positive action to increase finances and utilizing those finances to meet thier election manifesto, if they are serious about implementing them, only time shall tell.
anon
May 21, 2013 10:12am
In the name of Allah, if there is a will ( no corruption ) there is a way,
imran
May 21, 2013 08:21am
How do you know that? Any proof, did he promise you something and didnt keep it? Please for God sake dont pass judgements without proofs. This is Bohtaan.
Sami UK
May 20, 2013 07:54pm
Same old theories of bureaucracy...Reach for the moon, because if you don't make it you'll land among the stars
Javeed
May 21, 2013 09:11am
I guess even if the current budget gets spent where it is meant to, KPK will progress. I am hopeful that PTI will invest in Education sector handsomely & root-out corruption from the Province.
Razi Ahmed Abbasi
May 20, 2013 08:05pm
Imran should re-invigorate the enthusiasm of the masses as majority of them are poor.He should first work on eliminating the middlemen(aadhtiees) so that people start feeling that change has come.Like India,all the railway stations should be made market place of the produce of all the nearby areas.Start goods trains so that produce is transported at cheaper costs.2) Initaite Brain gain programs,by luring KPK citizens first( so that KPK people feel proud of their highly qualified fellows, kith and kilns among themselve and later make it all Pakistan basis).3)Invite wealthy KPK diaspora to invest and send more money by starting some incentive schemes.4) Travel to US,UK and Europe for this purpose immediately.5) He should declare the Shaukat Khanum Memorial,which he constructing in Peshawar as a GIFT to the people of KPK.Then from there it is the word GO.
Ali Shah
May 20, 2013 04:13pm
I am sure that a clean and honest govt will make an improvement and an improvement is definitely what the people are looking for. Even if half of the agenda is implemented successfully you will see a HUGE change
Akram
May 20, 2013 11:13am
PTI has made lots of promises of how it plans to spend money, but its crucial to find out where the money is going to come from. I hope they are not going to foolishly end up borrowing the money. the key for long term development is to live within your means. Whilst much of this programme is to be commended, the key question will be how to improve the income, particularly by improving the situation by making people pay their due taxes; a thankless, unpopular and sometimes dangerous task in Pakistan, however much needed.
Tausif
May 20, 2013 12:10pm
I really do not know what is wrong with the mainstream media? At least appreciate if someone is talking a little bit differently and offers some solutions to chronic problems at a time when others have failed to deliver. Economics is part of the social sciences despite being the master of facts and figures mainly because it deals with the human behavior. Positive human behavior can achieve miracles. The PTI has not even ruled for a single year, while others are there for decades. Give the PTi at least a couple of chances and see what they can do to resolve some of the major problems of Pakistan. Be positive, please. It does not cost anything.